In 1915, the ore reduction mills of the Alaska Gastineau Mining Company at Thane, near Juneau, started operating.
In 1968, the tanker Rebecca was seized by State Troopers north of Kenai for pumping ballast that led to a 200-300 yard oil slick. Prosecutors later learned how ineffective Alaska's oil laws really were.
In 1985, unidentified amber lights appeared in the western sky above Anchorage at about 9 p.m. Spectators and officials could not explain the source of the lights.
In the nation
In 1803, Congress voted to accept Ohio's borders and constitution.
In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in Alabama. He was subsequently tried for treason and acquitted.
In 1846, the Texas state government was formally installed in Austin.
In 1878, Thomas Edison received a patent for his phonograph.
In 1881, Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
In 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed an executive order giving the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans, as well as Japanese nationals living in the United States.
In 1986, the U.S. Senate approved a treaty outlawing genocide, 37 years after the pact had first been submitted for ratification.
In 1994, with Bosnian Serbs facing a NATO deadline to withdraw heavy weapons encircling Sarajevo or face air strikes, President Clinton delivered an address from the Oval Office reaffirming the ultimatum.
In 1999, President Clinton posthumously pardoned Henry O. Flipper, the first black graduate of West Point, whose military career had been tarnished by a racially motivated discharge.
In 2003, Missouri Rep. Dick Gephardt announced his second candidacy for president with a pledge to repeal most of President Bush's tax cuts.
In the world
In 1942, about 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin.
In 1945, during World War II, some 30,000 U.S. Marines landed on Iwo Jima, where they began a month-long battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces.
In 1963, the Soviet Union informed President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of an estimated 17,000 Soviet troops in Cuba.
In 1997, Deng Xiaoping, the last of China's major Communist revolutionaries, died.
In 2003, an Iranian military plane carrying 275 members of the elite Revolutionary Guard crashed in southeastern Iran, killing all on board.