In 1924, Carl Ben Eielson flew the first official airmail in Alaska from Fairbanks to McGrath.
In 1987, the University of Alaska Board of Regents approved plans to merge Alaska community colleges and universities.
In the nation
In 1878, the first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Company of New Haven, Conn.
In 1885, the Washington Monument was dedicated.
In 1925, The New Yorker magazine made its debut.
In 1947, Edwin H. Land publicly demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera, which could produce a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds.
In 1965, former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X, 39, was shot to death in New York by assassins identified as Black Muslims.
In 1986, Larry Wu-tai Chin, the first American found guilty of spying for China, killed himself in his Virginia jail cell.
In 2000, consumer advocate Ralph Nader announced his entry into the presidential race, bidding for the nomination of the Green Party.
In 2002, In Salt Lake City, U.S. figure skater Sarah Hughes jumped from fourth to first to win the gold after a near-flawless performance, leaving teammate Michelle Kwan to settle for a bronze.
In the world
In 1916, the World War I Battle of Verdun began in France.
In 1972, President Nixon began his historic visit to China as he and his wife, Pat, arrived in Shanghai.
In 1973, Israeli fighter planes shot down a Libyan Airlines jet over the Sinai Desert, killing more than 100 people.
In 1993, four days after suspending Bosnian relief operations because of interference from Serbs, Muslims and Croats, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata ordered full resumption of the aid effort.
In 1995, Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada.
In 1998, U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan began formal talks with Iraqi officials in the standoff over weapons inspections.
In 2002, the State Department declared that Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was dead, a month after he'd been abducted by Islamic extremists in Pakistan.