In 1936, the old log Custom House and Post Office at Sitka, a relic of Russian days, was destroyed by fire.
In 1937, a major fire in Douglas destroyed the school, the post office, City Hall, and the fire hall.
In 1939, the first regular mail to Anchorage was delivered by a special train from Seward. It was delivered to Seward from Seattle by the Coast Guard cutter Spencer.
In 1985, the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner surrendered its distinction as "Alaska's Widest Newspaper" by changing to the standard 16-inch-wide format, from a previous 17 inches.
In the nation
In 1822, Boston was granted a charter to incorporate as a city.
In 1836, the siege of the Alamo began in San Antonio, Texas.
In 1847, U.S. troops under Gen. Zachary Taylor defeated Mexican General Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in Mexico.
In 1848, the sixth president of the United States, John Quincy Adams, died of a stroke at age 80.
In 1861, President-elect Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington to take office, an assassination plot having been foiled in Baltimore.
In 1870, Mississippi was readmitted to the Union.
In 1942, the first shelling of the U.S. mainland during World War II occurred as a Japanese submarine fired on an oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif.
In 1954, the first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh.
In the world
In 1945, during World War II, U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, where they raised the American flag.
In 1981, an attempted coup began in Spain as 200 members of the Civil Guard invaded the Parliament, taking lawmakers hostage. (However, the attempt collapsed 18 hours later.)
In 1997, scientists in Scotland announced they had succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named Dolly. (Dolly, however, was put down this Feb. 14 after a life marred by premature aging and disease.)
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