This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, February 24, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1913, legislators in Juneau for the first Alaska Territorial Legislature decided to meet in the Elks Hall rather than the Odd Fellows Hall.

• In 1957, the first commercial airline flight from Europe to the Orient landed in Anchorage for a stopover.

• In 1979, the Alaska Paperwork and Simplification Act became law. Alaska Airlines opened up its service to Portland, Ore.

In the nation

• In 1803, the Supreme Court ruled itself the final interpreter of constitutional issues.

• In 1863, Arizona was organized as a territory.

• In 1868, the House of Representatives impeached President Andrew Johnson following his attempted dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Johnson was later acquitted by the Senate.

• In 1942, the Voice of America went on the air for the first time.

• In 1980, the U.S. hockey team defeated Finland, 4-2, to clinch the gold medal at the Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, N.Y.

• In 1983, a congressional commission released a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II as a "grave injustice."

• In 1999, the Senate voted overwhelmingly to give the nation's military the biggest benefits increase since the early 1980s.

In the world

• In 1821, Mexico declared its independence from Spain.

• In 1903, the United States signed an agreement acquiring a naval station at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.

• In 1920, a fledgling German political party held its first meeting of importance in Munich. It became known as the Nazi Party, and its chief spokesman was Adolf Hitler.

• In 1945, American soldiers liberated the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese control during World War II.

• In 1989, a state funeral was held in Japan for Emperor Hirohito, who died the previous month at age 87.

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