In 1913, legislators in Juneau for the first Alaska Territorial Legislature decided to meet in the Elks Hall rather than the Odd Fellows Hall.
In 1957, the first commercial airline flight from Europe to the Orient landed in Anchorage for a stopover.
In 1979, the Alaska Paperwork and Simplification Act became law. Alaska Airlines opened up its service to Portland, Ore.
In the nation
In 1803, the Supreme Court ruled itself the final interpreter of constitutional issues.
In 1863, Arizona was organized as a territory.
In 1868, the House of Representatives impeached President Andrew Johnson following his attempted dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Johnson was later acquitted by the Senate.
In 1942, the Voice of America went on the air for the first time.
In 1980, the U.S. hockey team defeated Finland, 4-2, to clinch the gold medal at the Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, N.Y.
In 1983, a congressional commission released a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II as a "grave injustice."
In 1999, the Senate voted overwhelmingly to give the nation's military the biggest benefits increase since the early 1980s.
In the world
In 1821, Mexico declared its independence from Spain.
In 1903, the United States signed an agreement acquiring a naval station at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.
In 1920, a fledgling German political party held its first meeting of importance in Munich. It became known as the Nazi Party, and its chief spokesman was Adolf Hitler.
In 1945, American soldiers liberated the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese control during World War II.
In 1989, a state funeral was held in Japan for Emperor Hirohito, who died the previous month at age 87.