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In 1899, the Arctic Brotherhood was organized in Skagway with the motto, "No Boundary Here."
In 1917, Mount McKinley National Park (now Denali National Park) was established.
In 1925, Glacier Bay National Monument was established.
In 1975, avalanches closed the Seward Highway near Jerome Lake.
In 1979, the last eclipse in Alaska of the century occurred slightly before sunup.
In 1981, Pope John Paul II stopped in Anchorage.
In the nation
In 1870, an experimental air-driven subway, the Beach Pneumatic Transit, opened in New York City. (The tunnel was only a block long, and the line had only one car.)
In 1907, concerns about a growing influx of foreigners, mostly Europeans, prompted Congress to create what became known as the Dillingham Commission, which examined the impact of immigrants on America. (The panel later recommended curtailing immigration from southern and eastern Europe through use of quotas, higher entry fees, literacy tests and other restrictions.)
In 1919, Congress established Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona.
In 1929, President Coolidge signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park.
In 1940, the United States Air Defense Command was created.
In 1945, a midnight curfew on nightclubs, bars and other places of entertainment was set to go into effect across the nation.
In 1993, a bomb built by Islamic extremists exploded in the parking garage of New York's World Trade Center, killing six people and injuring more than 1,000 others.
In 1997, President Clinton defended White House fund-raising tactics as "entirely appropriate," a day after the disclosure of documents putting Clinton at the center of all-out fundraising efforts. "Change the World" won four Grammy awards, including record of the year; Celine Dion's "Falling Into You" won album of the year and best pop album.
In 2002, former Enron chief executive Jeffrey Skilling, at times combative, insisted during a Senate hearing that he knew nothing about manipulation of company books and denied misleading Congress as alleged by some lawmakers and Enron officials. Pharmacist Robert R. Courtney pleaded guilty in Kansas City, Mo., to watering down chemotherapy drugs. (Courtney was later sentenced to 30 years in prison.) Gunmen killed 11 minority Shiite Muslims praying in a mosque in Pakistan.
In 2006, Drew Lachey leaped to victory with professional partner Cheryl Burke on ABC's "Dancing with the Stars."
In the world
In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from exile on the Island of Elba to begin his second conquest of France.
In 1952, Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that Britain had developed its own atomic bomb.
In 1979, a total solar eclipse cast a moving shadow 175 miles wide from Oregon to North Dakota before moving into Canada.
In 1987, the Tower Commission, which probed the Iran-Contra affair, issued its report, which rebuked President Reagan for failing to control his national security staff.
In 1997, Israel's Cabinet voted to build a new Jewish neighborhood in east Jerusalem.
In 2006, on the final day of the Turin Winter Olympics, Sweden beat Finland 3-2 to win the men's hockey gold. Germany finished first in overall medals with 29 and golds with 11, while the Americans won 25 medals overall, nine of them gold.
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