This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, February 26, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1899, the Arctic Brotherhood was organized in Skagway with the motto, "No Boundary Here."

• In 1917, Mount McKinley National Park (now Denali National Park) was established.

• In 1925, Glacier Bay National Monument was established.

• In 1975, avalanches closed the Seward Highway near Jerome Lake.

• In 1981, Pope John Paul II visited Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1870, an experimental air-driven subway, the Beach Pneumatic Transit, opened in New York City. (The tunnel was only a block long, and the line had only one car.)

• In 1907, Congress created the Dillingham Commission to examine the impact of immigrants on America. (The panel later recommended curtailing immigration from southern and eastern Europe.)

• In 1919, Congress established Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona.

• In 1929, President Coolidge signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park.

• In 1940, the U.S. Air Defense Command was created.

• In 1945, a midnight curfew on nightclubs, bars and other places of entertainment was set to go into effect across the nation.

• In 1979, a total solar eclipse cast a moving shadow 175 miles wide from Oregon to North Dakota before moving into Canada.

• In 1987, the Tower Commission, which probed the Iran-Contra affair, issued its report, which rebuked President Reagan for failing to control his national security staff.

• In 1993, a bomb built by Islamic extremists exploded in the parking garage of New York's World Trade Center, killing six people and injuring more than 1,000 others.

• In 1998, a jury in Amarillo, Texas, rejected an $11 million lawsuit brought by Texas cattlemen who blamed Oprah Winfrey's talk show for a price fall after a segment on food safety that included a discussion about mad cow disease.

• In 2003, President Bush, offering new justification for war in Iraq, told a think tank that "ending this direct and growing threat" from Saddam Hussein would pave the way for peace in the Middle East and encourage democracy throughout the Arab world. In a victory for abortion foes, the Supreme Court ruled that federal racketeering and extortion laws had been wrongly used to try to stop blockades, harassment and violent protests outside clinics. A fire at the Greenwood Health Center in Hartford, Conn., killed 16 nursing home patients; a patient charged with setting the blaze was later ruled incompetent to stand trial.

In the world

• In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from exile on the Island of Elba.

• In 1952, Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that Britain had developed its own atomic bomb.

• In 2007, Iraq's Shiite vice president, Adel Abdul-Mahdi, narrowly escaped death as a blast ripped through a government meeting hall just hours after it had been searched by U.S. teams with bomb-sniffing dogs; at least 10 people were killed. The Iraqi Cabinet approved draft legislation to manage the country's vast oil industry and divide its wealth among the population.

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