This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, February 27, 2005

In Alaska

In 1892, Auke Tlingit Chief Kowee died at the age of 75. He was credited with guiding Joe Juneau and Richard Harris to the original gold discovery near what is now Juneau.

In 1901, the post office of Chignik was opened with Joseph Hume as postmaster.

In 1909, the Bering Sea National Wildlife Refuge was established.

In 1923, the 1400-foot Tanana Steel bridge was completed on the Alaska Railroad.

In 1923, President Warren G. Harding established the National Petroleum Reserve on the North Slope.

In 1938, Wilford B. Hoggatt, the sixth governor of Alaska, died in New York City.

In 1975, Gilbert Zemansky, a sanitary engineer for the Department of Environmental Conservation, was fired for reporting sewage discharge problems at pipeline camps to the press.

In 1975, a heavy-set man with a revolver robbed the First National Bank on Elmendorf Air Force Base.

In 1987, Gov. Steve Cowper ordered the state to pull out of land-trade negotiations relating to possible oil development in the Arctic National Wildlife Range.

In 1988, a joint study by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and the Alaska Railroad reported that there was no connection between moose deaths and train speed.

In the nation

In 1801, the District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress.

In 1922, the Supreme Court unanimously upheld the 19th Amendment to the Constitution that guaranteed the right of women to vote.

In 1960, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets, 3 goals to 2, at the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, Calif. (The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal.)

In 1979, Jane M. Byrne confounded Chicago's Democratic political machine as she upset Mayor Michael A. Bilandic to win their party's mayoral primary. (Byrne went on to win the election.)

In 2000, Texas Gov. George W. Bush's campaign released a letter to New York Cardinal John O'Connor in which the Republican presidential candidate said he "deeply" regretted "causing needless offense" by making a campaign appearance at Bob Jones University, a South Carolina school whose leaders had espoused anti-Catholic views.

In 2004, America's top bishop, Wilton Gregory, declared the days of sheltering sex abusers in the Roman Catholic priesthood were "history" as two reports showed how pervasive assaults on minors had been during the previous half-century.

In the world

In 1933, Germany's parliament building, the Reichstag, caught fire. The Nazis, blaming the Communists, used the fire as a pretext for suspending civil liberties.

In 1972, President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai issued the Shanghai Communique at the conclusion of Nixon's historic visit to China.

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