This Day in History

Posted: Monday, February 27, 2006

In the world

• In 1901, the post office of Chignik was opened with Joseph Hume as postmaster.

• In 1909, the Bering Sea National Wildlife Refuge was established.

• In 1923, the 1400-foot Tanana Steel bridge was completed on the Alaska Railroad. President Warren G. Harding established the National Petroleum Reserve on the North Slope.

• In 1975, Gilbert Zemansky, a sanitary engineer for the Department of Environmental Conservation, was fired for reporting sewage discharge problems at pipeline camps to the press. A heavy-set man with a revolver robbed the First National Bank on Elmendorf Air Force Base.

• In 1987, Gov. Steve Cowper ordered the state to pull out of land-trade negotiations relating to possible oil development in the Arctic National Wildlife Range.

• In 1988, a joint study by the Alaska Department of Fish & Game and the Alaska Railroad reported that there was no connection between moose deaths and train speed.

In the nation

• In 1801, the District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress.

• In 1922, the Supreme Court unanimously upheld the 19th Amendment to the Constitution that guaranteed the right of women to vote.

• In 1939, the Supreme Court outlawed sit-down strikes.

• In 1960, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets, 3-2, at the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, Calif. (The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal.)

• In 1979, Jane M. Byrne confounded Chicago's Democratic political machine as she upset Mayor Michael A. Bilandic to win their party's mayoral primary. (Byrne went on to win the election.)

• In 1986, the U.S. Senate approved telecasts of its debates on a trial basis.

• In 1991, President George H.W. Bush declared that "Kuwait is liberated, Iraq's army is defeated," and announced that the allies would suspend combat operations at midnight.

• In 1996, Bob Dole won the North Dakota and South Dakota presidential primaries, while Steve Forbes captured Arizona's first-ever winner-take-all presidential primary.

• In 2001, President Bush went before Congress with a $1.9 trillion spending plan that would sharply reduce growth in many government programs while leaving room to give Americans the biggest tax cut in two decades.

• In 2005, Academy Awards went to "Million Dollar Baby," director Clint Eastwood, star Hilary Swank and Morgan Freeman.

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