In the world
In 1901, the post office of Chignik was opened with Joseph Hume as postmaster.
In 1909, the Bering Sea National Wildlife Refuge was established.
In 1923, the 1400-foot Tanana Steel bridge was completed on the Alaska Railroad. President Warren G. Harding established the National Petroleum Reserve on the North Slope.
In 1975, Gilbert Zemansky, a sanitary engineer for the Department of Environmental Conservation, was fired for reporting sewage discharge problems at pipeline camps to the press. A heavy-set man with a revolver robbed the First National Bank on Elmendorf Air Force Base.
In 1987, Gov. Steve Cowper ordered the state to pull out of land-trade negotiations relating to possible oil development in the Arctic National Wildlife Range.
In 1988, a joint study by the Alaska Department of Fish & Game and the Alaska Railroad reported that there was no connection between moose deaths and train speed.
In the nation
In 1801, the District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress.
In 1922, the Supreme Court unanimously upheld the 19th Amendment to the Constitution that guaranteed the right of women to vote.
In 1939, the Supreme Court outlawed sit-down strikes.
In 1960, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets, 3-2, at the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, Calif. (The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal.)
In 1979, Jane M. Byrne confounded Chicago's Democratic political machine as she upset Mayor Michael A. Bilandic to win their party's mayoral primary. (Byrne went on to win the election.)
In 1986, the U.S. Senate approved telecasts of its debates on a trial basis.
In 1991, President George H.W. Bush declared that "Kuwait is liberated, Iraq's army is defeated," and announced that the allies would suspend combat operations at midnight.
In 1996, Bob Dole won the North Dakota and South Dakota presidential primaries, while Steve Forbes captured Arizona's first-ever winner-take-all presidential primary.
In 2001, President Bush went before Congress with a $1.9 trillion spending plan that would sharply reduce growth in many government programs while leaving room to give Americans the biggest tax cut in two decades.
In 2005, Academy Awards went to "Million Dollar Baby," director Clint Eastwood, star Hilary Swank and Morgan Freeman.