This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, February 28, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1917, George Grigsby took office as the first attorney general of the Territory of Alaska.

• In 1932, the U.S. Signal Corps telegraph service began 24-hour service in Juneau.

• In 1942, the U.S. Army activated the Juneau post with 20 officers and 547 enlisted men.

• In 1969, David Bruce of Houston, Texas, and Rita McCay of Windsor, Ontario, were married in a candlelit igloo near Nome, believed to be the only authentic snow house.

• In 1979, a major earthquake measuring between 7.5 and 8.0 on the Richter scale occurred beneath the St. Elias mountains.

In the nation

• In 1781, the Continental Congress declared the Articles of Confederation to be in force, following ratification by Maryland.

• In 1790, Congress authorized the first U.S. Census.

• In 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler became the first black woman to receive an American medical degree, from the New England Female Medical College in Boston.

• In 1867, Nebraska became the 37th state.

• In 1872, Congress authorized creation of Yellowstone National Park.

• In 1932, Charles A. Lindbergh Jr., the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh, was kidnapped from the family home near Hopewell, N.J. (Remains identified as those of the child were found the following May.)

• In 1945, President Roosevelt, back from the Yalta Conference, proclaimed the meeting a success as he addressed a joint session of Congress.

• In 1954, Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives, wounding five congressmen.

• In 1961, President Kennedy established the Peace Corps.

• In 1967, U.S. Rep. Adam Clayton Powell of New York, accused of misconduct, was denied his seat in the 90th Congress. (The Supreme Court ruled in 1969 that Powell had to be seated.)

• In 1997, severe storms hit Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, and spawned tornadoes in Arkansas blamed for two dozen deaths.

• In 2002, under pressure from prosecutors, the Archdiocese of Boston agreed to turn over the names of people allegedly molested by priests. Grand American series driver Jeff Clinton was killed during practice in a crash at Homestead-Miami Speedway.

In the world

• In 1981, Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland; he died 65 days later.

• In 1997, rescue teams fought snow, high winds and wild dogs as they tried to bring help to an earthquake-devastated region in northwest Iran, where the death toll was estimated at 3,000.

• In 2002, space shuttle Columbia blasted into orbit on a mission to renovate the Hubble Space Telescope. NASA said its Mars Odyssey spacecraft had found evidence that vast regions of Mars may abound in water.

• In 2006, President Bush, en route to India and Pakistan, made a surprise visit to Afghanistan to show U.S. support for the country's fledgling democracy.

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