In 1906, Wilford B. Hoggatt took office as governor of the territory of Alaska, appointed by President Teddy Roosevelt.
In 1942, contract air mail service was inaugurated between Juneau and Sitka. Construction began on the Alaska-Canadian Highway.
In 1975, two people in New Stoyahok died of botulism after eating fermented beaver tail.
In the nation
In 1793, the first president of the Republic of Texas, Sam Houston, was born near Lexington, Va.
In 1877, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden.
In 1899, Mount Rainier National Park in Washington state was established.
In 1904, children's author Theodor Seuss Geisel - popularly known as "Dr. Seuss" - was born in Springfield, Mass.
In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship.
In 1923, Time magazine made its debut.
In 1933, the movie "King Kong," starring Fay Wray, had its world premiere in New York.
In the world
In 1939, Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope. He took the name Pius XII.
In 1943, the World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea began.