This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, March 02, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1903, an act of Congress provided for a submarine telegraph cable from Seattle to Sitka and Juneau.

• In 1906, Wilford B. Hoggatt took office as governor of the territory of Alaska, appointed by President Teddy Roosevelt.

• In 1942, Contract air mail service was inaugurated between Juneau and Sitka. Construction began on the Alaska-Canadian Highway.

• In 1959, the deepest hole ever drilled in Alaska was plugged and abandoned as a dry hole. Alaska officially received the "official versions" of the pound, ounce, yard, foot and gallon.

• In 1975, two people in New Stoyahok died of botulism after eating fermented beaver tail.

In the nation

• In 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico.

• In 1877, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote.

• In 1899, Mount Rainier National Park in Washington state was established.

• In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship.

• In 1923, Time magazine made its debut.

• In 1955, the William Inge play "Bus Stop" opened at the Music Box Theatre in New York.

• In 1965, the movie version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical "The Sound of Music" had its world premiere at New York's Rivoli Theater.

• In 1977, the U.S. House of Representatives adopted a strict code of ethics.

• In 1996, Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole reignited his presidential campaign with an overwhelming victory in the South Carolina Republican primary.

• In 2005, the woman who accused NBA star Kobe Bryant of rape settled her lawsuit against him, ending the case.

In the world

• In 1939, Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope; he took the name Pius XII.

• In 1943, the World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea began.

• In 2001, the United Nations tried in vain to persuade Afghanistan's ruling Taliban to reverse its decision to destroy a pair of giant, ancient statues of Buddha and other Buddhist relics that the regime considered idolatrous.

• In 2005, the number of U.S. military deaths in Iraq reached 1,500.

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