This Day in History

Posted: Friday, March 02, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1903, an act of Congress provided for a submarine telegraph cable from Seattle to Sitka and Juneau.

• In 1906, Wilford B. Hoggatt took office as governor of the Territory of Alaska. He was appointed by President Teddy Roosevelt.

• In 1942, contract air mail service was inaugurated between Juneau and Sitka. Construction began on the Alaska-Canadian Highway.

• In 1959, the deepest hole ever drilled in Alaska was plugged and abandoned as a dry hole. Alaska officially received the "official versions" of the pound, ounce, yard, foot and gallon.

• In 1975, two people in New Stoyahok died of botulism after eating fermented beaver tail.

In the nation

• In 1807, Congress outlawed the importing of slaves to the United States, effective the following year.

• In 1836, the Republic of Texas formally declared its independence from Mexico.

• In 1877, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote.

• In 1899, Mount Rainier National Park in Washington state was established.

• In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship as President Wilson signed the Jones-Shafroth Act.

• In 1933, the motion picture "King Kong" had its world premiere in New York.

• In 1965, the movie version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical "The Sound of Music" had its world premiere at New York's Rivoli Theater.

• In 1977, the U.S. House of Representatives adopted a strict code of ethics.

• In 1997, it was revealed that Vice President Gore had raised millions of dollars for the 1996 campaign through direct telephone solicitations, and that some of the calls were made on special phones installed in government buildings for that purpose.

• In 2006, the Senate voted to renew the USA Patriot Act. "Killer nurse" Charles Cullen, who'd killed at least 29 patients, was sentenced in Somerville, N.J., to spend the rest of his life in prison.

In the world

• In 1939, Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected pope on his 63rd birthday; he took the name Pius XII.

• In 1943, the World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea began; U.S. and Australian warplanes were able to inflict heavy damage on a Japanese convoy.

• In 2002, 11 Israelis were killed in a Palestinian suicide bombing in Jerusalem's ultra-Orthodox neighborhood. Rioting spread as the death toll in India's religious strife reached 408.

• In 2006, President Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced a landmark civilian nuclear cooperation deal in New Delhi. A suicide attacker rammed an explosives-packed car into American diplomat David Foy's car in Karachi, Pakistan, killing Foy and three others.

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