This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, March 03, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1832, William Duncan, Church of England missionary and founder of Metlakatla, was born in England.

• In 1891, the Trade and Manufacturing Act was extended to Alaska.

• In 1901, the Board of Trade Saloon opened in Nome, adorned by "handsome fixtures, as rich looking as though they had been the work of artists," handsome gilt mirrors and a hand-carved bar.

• In 1913, the first Alaska Territorial Legislature convened in the Elks Hall in Juneau. The first House bill approved suffrage to women.

• In 1959, Elenor Lee, of Nome, won the evening gown division of America's Junior Miss Pageant.

• In 1973, the first Iditarod Sled Dog Race was held, from Anchorage to Nome.

In the nation

• In 1845, Florida became the 27th state.

• In 1849, the U.S. Department of the Interior was established.

• In 1849, Congress created the Minnesota Territory.

• In 1879, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood became the first woman to be admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

• In 1931, "The Star-Spangled Banner" officially became the national anthem of the United States.

• In 1940, Artie Shaw and his orchestra recorded "Frenesi" for RCA Victor.

• In 1969, Apollo 9 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a mission to test the lunar module.

• In 1991, in a case that sparked a national outcry, motorist Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers in a scene captured on amateur video.

• In 1991, 25 people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737-200 crashed while approaching the Colorado Springs airport.

• In 1995, President Clinton held a news conference in which he asserted his administration had built a safer world and stronger economy while Republicans were trying to cut money for the needy to give tax breaks to the rich. The dollar plunged to a new low against the Japanese yen.

• In 2000, Bob Jones University, a fundamentalist Christian college, said it was lifting its ban on interracial dating. (University president Bob Jones III made the announcement on CNN's "Larry King Live.")

• In 2004, the first same-sex marriage licenses were issued in Multnomah County, Ore. The Walt Disney Company's board voted to strip Michael Eisner of his chairman's post while retaining him as CEO.

In the world

• In 1974, nearly 350 people died when a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris.

• In 1985, coal miners in Britain voted to end a yearlong strike that proved to be the longest and most violent walkout in British history.

• In 2000, former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet returned to Chile a free man, 16 months after he was detained in Britain on torture charges.

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