This Day in History

Posted: Friday, March 03, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1891, the Trade and Manufacturing Act was extended to Alaska.

• In 1901, the Board of Trade Saloon opened in Nome, adorned by "handsome fixtures, as rich-looking as though they had been the work of artists," handsome gilt mirrors and a hand-carved bar.

• In 1913, the first Alaska territorial Legislature convened in the Elks Hall in Juneau. The first House bill approved suffrage to women.

• In 1959, Elenor Lee, of Nome, won the evening gown division of America's Junior Miss Pageant.

• In 1973, the first Iditarod Sled Dog Race was held, from Anchorage to Nome.

In the nation

• In 1845, Florida became the 27th state.

• In 1849, the U.S. Department of the Interior was established. Congress created the Minnesota territory.

• In 1879, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood became the first woman to be admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

• In 1931, "The Star-Spangled Banner" officially became the national anthem of the United States.

• In 1940, Artie Shaw and his orchestra recorded "Frenesi" for RCA Victor.

• In 1969, Apollo 9 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a mission to test the lunar module.

• In 1991, in a case that sparked a national outcry, motorist Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers in a scene captured on amateur video.

• In 1991, 25 people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737-200 crashed while approaching the Colorado Springs airport.

• In 2001, a plane carrying members of a National Guard engineering crew crashed in heavy rain near Macon, Ga., killing all 21 people on board. John Ruiz became the first Hispanic WBA heavyweight champion by defeating Evander Holyfield in a unanimous 12-round decision.

• In 2005, President Bush visited CIA headquarters, where he promised agency employees they would retain an "incredibly vital" role in safeguarding the nation's security despite the creation of a new post of national director of intelligence. Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to fly around the world alone without stopping or refueling, touching down in central Kansas after a 67-hour, 23,000-mile journey.

In the world

• In 1974, nearly 350 people died when a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris.

• In 1996, Israel declared all-out war on the militant group Hamas after a bus bomb in Jerusalem killed 19 people, including the bomber, the third such suicide attack in eight days.

• In 2001, the foot-and-mouth scare made its way from Britain to mainland Europe with the discovery of blisters on the snouts of three pigs in northern Belgium, sparking drastic measures.

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