In 1728, Capt. James Cook was born. Cook was an early explorer for whom Cook Inlet near Anchorage was named.
In 1892, the post office in Ketchikan was established with George W. Clark as postmaster.
In 1895, the S.S. Willapa sailed from Seattle to begin Alaska Steamship Co. service to Alaska.
In 1909, James Wickersham was seated as the third delegate in the U.S. Congress from Alaska.
In 1939, the territorial Senate killed a bill appropriating $14,000 to subsidize radio stations in the territory of Alaska to "disseminate facts and information."
In 1960, a demonstration run of three "Iron Dogs", gas powered ski-equipped sleds, began in Bethel en route to Fairbanks .
In the nation
In 1789, the Constitution of the United States went into effect as the first Federal Congress met in New York. The lawmakers then adjourned for lack of a quorum.
In 1791, Vermont became the 14th state.
In 1837, the Illinois Legislature granted a city charter to Chicago.
In 1861, Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated president.
In 1902, the American Automobile Association was founded in Chicago.
In 1925, President Calvin Coolidge's inauguration was broadcast live on 21 radio stations coast-to-coast.
In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated president, pledging to lead the country out of the Great Depression. (The start of President Roosevelt's first administration brought with it the first woman to serve in the Cabinet, Labor Secretary Frances Perkins.)
In 1952, actors Ronald Reagan and Nancy Davis were married in San Fernando Valley, Calif.
In 1981, a jury in Salt Lake City convicted Joseph Paul Franklin of violating the civil rights of two black men who were shot to death.
In 1987, President Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair, acknowledging his overtures to Iran had "deteriorated" into an arms-for-hostages deal.
In 1994, in New York, four extremists were convicted of the World Trade Center bombing that killed six people and injured more than 1,000.