This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, March 05, 2006

In AlaskaP>

• In 1887, miners went on strike in Treadwell, on Douglas Island, seeking wage increases to $3 a day and board.

• In 1898, the steamer Whitelaw burned at Skagway, the loss estimated at $50,000.

• In 1909, the office and plant of the Alaska Daily Record burned in Juneau.

• In 1920, the newspaper Alaska Daily Capital was established in Juneau.

• In 1959, Mt. Hubley in Northeast Alaska, was named after Dr. Richard Hubley, a University of Washington meteorologist. Fifteen vehicles and 50-plus families leave Detroit for Alaska to homestead on the Kenai Peninsula, traveling as the "Detroit '59'ers."

• In 1969, state Rep. Stan Cornelius (R-Anchorage) submitted a resolution that requested the governor to proclaim October "Country Music Month" in Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1770, the Boston Massacre took place as British soldiers who had been taunted by a crowd of colonists opened fire, killing five people.

• In 1849, Zachary Taylor took the oath of office at his presidential inauguration.

• In 1868, the Senate was organized into a Court of Impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.

• In 1946, Winston Churchill delivered his famous "Iron Curtain" speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Mo. Said Churchill: "From Stettin in the Baltic, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an 'iron curtain' has descended across the continent, allowing police governments to rule Eastern Europe."

• In 1970, a nuclear nonproliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.

• In 1996, Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole swept the "Junior Tuesday" primaries. U.S. Rep. Enid Greene Waldholtz, R-Utah, tangled in a financial mess that she blamed on her estranged husband, announced she would not seek a second term.

• In 2001, Vice President Dick Cheney underwent an angioplasty for a partially blocked artery after going to a hospital with chest pains. Two students at Santana High School in Santee, Calif., were shot to death, 13 other people were wounded; student shooter Charles "Andy" Williams was later sentenced to 50 years to life in prison.

• In 2004, Martha Stewart was convicted in New York of lying to the government about a stock sale; her ex-stockbroker, Peter Bacanovic, also was found guilty in the scandal. (Each later received a five-month sentence.)

In the world

• In 1933, in German parliamentary elections, the Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote, enabling it to join with the Nationalists to gain a slender majority in the Reichstag.

• In 1986, in Lebanon, Islamic Jihad issued a statement saying it had "executed" French hostage Michel Seurat, who had been abducted almost a year earlier.

• In 2001, a stampede broke out during the annual hajj pilgrimage in Mina, Saudi Arabia, killing 35 Muslims.

• In 2005, Syrian President Bashar Assad announced a two-stage pullback of his country's forces to the Lebanese border, but he failed to address broad international demands that he completely withdraw Syria's 15,000 troops.

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