In 1887, miners went on strike in Treadwell, on Douglas Island, seeking wage increases to $3 a day and board.
In 1898, the steamer Whitelaw burned at Skagway, the loss estimated at $50,000.
In 1909, the office and plant of the Alaska Daily Record burned in Juneau.
In 1920, the newspaper Alaska Daily Capital was established in Juneau.
In 1959, Mt. Hubley in Northeast Alaska, was named after Dr. Richard Hubley, a University of Washington meteorologist. Fifteen vehicles and 50-plus families leave Detroit for Alaska to homestead on the Kenai Peninsula, traveling as the "Detroit '59'ers."
In 1969, state Rep. Stan Cornelius (R-Anchorage) submitted a resolution that requested the governor to proclaim October "Country Music Month" in Alaska.
In the nation
In 1770, the Boston Massacre took place as British soldiers who had been taunted by a crowd of colonists opened fire, killing five people.
In 1849, Zachary Taylor took the oath of office at his presidential inauguration.
In 1868, the Senate was organized into a Court of Impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.
In 1946, Winston Churchill delivered his famous "Iron Curtain" speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Mo. Said Churchill: "From Stettin in the Baltic, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an 'iron curtain' has descended across the continent, allowing police governments to rule Eastern Europe."
In 1970, a nuclear nonproliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.
In 1996, Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole swept the "Junior Tuesday" primaries. U.S. Rep. Enid Greene Waldholtz, R-Utah, tangled in a financial mess that she blamed on her estranged husband, announced she would not seek a second term.
In 2001, Vice President Dick Cheney underwent an angioplasty for a partially blocked artery after going to a hospital with chest pains. Two students at Santana High School in Santee, Calif., were shot to death, 13 other people were wounded; student shooter Charles "Andy" Williams was later sentenced to 50 years to life in prison.
In 2004, Martha Stewart was convicted in New York of lying to the government about a stock sale; her ex-stockbroker, Peter Bacanovic, also was found guilty in the scandal. (Each later received a five-month sentence.)
In the world
In 1933, in German parliamentary elections, the Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote, enabling it to join with the Nationalists to gain a slender majority in the Reichstag.
In 1986, in Lebanon, Islamic Jihad issued a statement saying it had "executed" French hostage Michel Seurat, who had been abducted almost a year earlier.
In 2001, a stampede broke out during the annual hajj pilgrimage in Mina, Saudi Arabia, killing 35 Muslims.
In 2005, Syrian President Bashar Assad announced a two-stage pullback of his country's forces to the Lebanese border, but he failed to address broad international demands that he completely withdraw Syria's 15,000 troops.