This Day in History

Posted: Monday, March 05, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1887, miners went on strike in Treadwell on Douglas Island, seeking wage increases to $3 a day and board.

• In 1898, the steamer Whitelaw burned near Skagway. The loss was estimated at $50,000.

• In 1909, the office and plant of the Alaska Daily Record burned in Juneau.

• In 1920, the newspaper Alaska Daily Capital was established in Juneau.

• In 1959, Mt. Hubley in Northeast Alaska, was named after Dr. Richard Hubley, a University of Washington meteorologist. Fifteen Vehicles and 50-plus families left Detroit for towards Alaska to homestead on the Kenai Peninsula, travelling as the "Detroit '59'ers."

In the nation

• In 1849, Zachary Taylor took the oath of office at his presidential inauguration.

• In 1868, the Senate was organized into a Court of Impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.

• In 1933, in German parliamentary elections, the Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote, enabling it to join with the Nationalists to gain a slender majority in the Reichstag.

• In 1945, Winston Churchill delivered his famous "Iron Curtain" speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Mo., saying, "From Stettin in the Baltic, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an 'iron curtain' has descended across the continent, allowing police governments to rule Eastern Europe."

• In 1970, a nuclear nonproliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.

• In 1977, President Carter took questions from 42 telephone callers in 26 states on a network radio call-in program moderated by Walter Cronkite.

• In 1997, the Ohio River rose to its highest level in a generation, flooding the Louisville, Ky., area. Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox and Willie Wells Sr. were elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.

• In 2002, President Bush slapped punishing tariffs of 8 percent to 30 percent on several types of imported steel in an effort to aid the ailing U.S. industry. California Congressman Gary Condit, dogged by the Chandra Levy scandal, lost a Democratic primary election to Dennis Cardoza.

• In 2004, Martha Stewart was convicted in New York of lying to the government about a stock sale; her ex-stockbroker, Peter Bacanovic, also was found guilty. (Each later received a five-month prison sentence.)

• In 2006, AT&T Inc. announced it was buying BellSouth Corp., a big step toward resurrecting the old Ma Bell telephone system. "Crash" won the Best Picture Academy Award in an upset over "Brokeback Mountain"; Philip Seymour Hoffman won Best Actor for "Capote" and Reese Witherspoon won Best Actress for "Walk the Line."

In the world

• In 1770, the Boston Massacre took place as British soldiers who'd been taunted by a crowd of colonists opened fire, killing five people.

• In 1997, North and South Korea met for the first time in 25 years to talk peace.

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