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In 1903, Homer Bird was hanged at Sitka for a murder committed on the Yukon.
In 1910, The Alaska Citizen was established in Fairbanks.
In 1913, Congress reduced the appropriation for the First Territorial Legislature to $46,260. Half the money was for legislators' salaries.
In 1973, voters went to the polls in a special election to choose between Emil Notti and Don Young to replace U.S. Congressman Nick Begich, who was killed in a plane crash.
In 1988, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake was reported in the Gulf of Alaska.
In the nation
In 1834, the city of York in Upper Canada was incorporated as Toronto.
In 1836, the Alamo in San Antonio fell to Mexican forces after a 13-day siege.
In 1857, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sandford that Scott, a slave, was not a U.S. citizen and could not sue for his freedom in federal court.
In 1933, a nationwide bank holiday declared by President Roosevelt went into effect.
In 1981, Walter Cronkite signed off for the last time as principal anchorman of "The CBS Evening News."
In 2006, South Dakota Gov. Mike Rounds signed legislation banning most abortions in his state (abortion-rights groups were able to get enough signatures to put the measure to a vote, and the ban was rejected in the November election).
In the world
In 1853, Verdi's opera "La Traviata" premiered in Venice, Italy.
In 1944, U.S. heavy bombers staged the first full-scale American raid on Berlin during World War II.
In 1957, the former British African colonies of the Gold Coast and Togoland became the independent state of Ghana.
In 1967, the daughter of Josef Stalin, Svetlana Alliluyeva, appeared at the U.S. Embassy in India and announced her intention to defect to the West.
In 1987, 193 people died when the British ferry Herald of Free Enterprise capsized off the Belgian port of Zeebrugge.
In 1997, a gunman stole a $1 million Picasso portrait ("Tete de Femme") from a London gallery. (The painting was recovered and two suspects arrested a week later.) Britain's Queen Elizabeth II launched the first official royal Web site. China introduced new laws to bolster its campaigns against dissent, ethnic separatism and subversive Western ideals.
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