This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, March 06, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1903, Homer Bird was hanged at Sitka for a murder committed on the Yukon.

• In 1910, The Alaska Citizen was established in Fairbanks.

• In 1913, Congress reduced the appropriation for the First Territorial Legislature to $46,260. Half the money was for legislators' salaries.

• In 1973, voters went to the polls in a special election to choose between Emil Notti and Don Young to replace U.S. Congressman Nick Begich, who was killed in a plane crash.

• In 1988, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake was reported in the Gulf of Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1834, the city of York in Upper Canada was incorporated as Toronto.

• In 1836, the Alamo in San Antonio fell to Mexican forces after a 13-day siege.

• In 1857, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sandford that Scott, a slave, was not a U.S. citizen and could not sue for his freedom in federal court.

• In 1933, a nationwide bank holiday declared by President Roosevelt went into effect.

• In 1981, Walter Cronkite signed off for the last time as principal anchorman of "The CBS Evening News."

• In 2006, South Dakota Gov. Mike Rounds signed legislation banning most abortions in his state (abortion-rights groups were able to get enough signatures to put the measure to a vote, and the ban was rejected in the November election).

In the world

• In 1853, Verdi's opera "La Traviata" premiered in Venice, Italy.

• In 1944, U.S. heavy bombers staged the first full-scale American raid on Berlin during World War II.

• In 1957, the former British African colonies of the Gold Coast and Togoland became the independent state of Ghana.

• In 1967, the daughter of Josef Stalin, Svetlana Alliluyeva, appeared at the U.S. Embassy in India and announced her intention to defect to the West.

• In 1987, 193 people died when the British ferry Herald of Free Enterprise capsized off the Belgian port of Zeebrugge.

• In 1997, a gunman stole a $1 million Picasso portrait ("Tete de Femme") from a London gallery. (The painting was recovered and two suspects arrested a week later.) Britain's Queen Elizabeth II launched the first official royal Web site. China introduced new laws to bolster its campaigns against dissent, ethnic separatism and subversive Western ideals.

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