In Alaska and in the Nation
In 1903, Homer Bird was hanged at Sitka for a murder committed on the Yukon.
In 1910, the weekly newspaper The Alaska Citizen was established in Fairbanks.
In 1913, Congress reduced the appropriation for the First Territorial Legislature to $46,260. Half the money was for legislators salaries.
In 1973, voters went to the polls in a special election to choose between Emil Notti and Don Young to replace U.S. Congressman Nick Begich, who was killed in a plane crash.
In 1988, a 7.6 magnitude earthquake was reported in the Gulf of Alaska.
In the nation
In 1836, the Alamo in San Antonio, Texas, fell to Mexican forces after a 13-day siege.
In 1857, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sandford that Scott, a slave, was not a U.S. citizen and could not sue for his freedom in federal court.
In 1933, a nationwide bank holiday declared by President Franklin D. Roosevelt went into effect.
In 1983, in a case that drew much notoriety, a young woman was gang-raped atop a pool table in a tavern in New Bedford, Mass., called Big Dan's; four men were later convicted of the attack.
In 1988, the board of trustees at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., a liberal arts college for the deaf, selected Elisabeth Zinser, a hearing woman, to be school president. (Outraged students shut down the campus, forcing selection of a deaf president, I. King Jordan, instead.)
In 1998, the Army honored three Americans who'd risked their lives and turned their weapons on fellow soldiers to stop the slaughter of Vietnamese villagers at My Lai in 1968. A Connecticut state lottery accountant shot to death three supervisors and the lottery chief before killing himself.
In 2003, a somber President Bush readied the nation for war against Saddam Hussein, hurling some of his harshest invectives yet at the Iraqi leader during a prime-time news conference.