This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, March 07, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1887, Arthur Delaney was appointed Alaska collector of customs. He was Juneau's first mayor and also a U.S. District Judge.

• In 1914, the 40-stamp Alaska Juneau Gold Mining Co. pilot mill started crushing ore on the Juneau waterfront.

• In 1919, a $50,000 fire destroyed much of the business district in the mining town of McCarthy.

• In 1950, ground was broken for the Mendenhall Apartments in Juneau.

• In 1959, the Alaska House of Representatives approved a bill to pay the governor, then killed it in free conference.

• In 1969, seven climbers began an attempt to summit Mount Kimball - at 10,350 feet, the highest mountain in the eastern Alaska Range. It had never before been successfully climbed.

• In 1988, Vern Tejas completed the first solo ascent of Mount McKinley.

In the nation

• In 1850, in a three-hour speech to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a means of preserving the Union.

• In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for his telephone.

• In 1911, the United States sent 20,000 troops to the Mexican border as a precaution in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.

• In 1965, a march by civil rights demonstrators was broken up in Selma, Ala., by state troopers and a sheriff's posse.

• In 1975, the Senate revised its filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate in most cases, instead of the previously required two-thirds of senators present.

• In 1994, the Supreme Court ruled that a parody that pokes fun at an original work can be considered "fair use" that doesn't require permission from the copyright holder.

• In 1997, after a week of embarrassing disclosures about White House fundraising, President Clinton told a news conference, "I'm not sure, frankly" whether he'd also made calls for campaign cash. But he insisted that nothing had undercut his pledge to have the highest ethical standards ever.

• In 2002, the House passed 417-3 a bill cutting taxes and extending unemployment benefits.

• In 2006, the Bush administration drew a hard line on Iran, warning of "meaningful consequences" if the Islamic government did not back away from an international confrontation over its disputed nuclear program.

In the world

• In 1926, the first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversations took place between New York and London.

• In 1936, Adolf Hitler ordered his troops to march into the Rhineland, thereby breaking the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.

• In 1945, during World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, using the damaged but still usable Ludendorff Bridge.

• In 1981, anti-government guerrillas in Colombia executed kidnapped American Bible translator Chester Allen Bitterman, whom they accused of being a CIA agent.

• In 2002, by a razor-thin margin, voters in Ireland rejected a government plan to further toughen the country's already strict anti-abortion laws.

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