In 1913, the weekly newspaper The Commoner was established in Valdez by John W. Frame.
In 1960, over Gov. William Egan's veto, the Alaska Legislature passed a bill allowing games of chance to be operated by civic, religious and service organizations. This bill legalized the Nenana Ice Classic, which began in 1917.
In 1969, the University of Alaska fired rockets with barium payloads into the atmosphere, brightening Alaskan skies during March to study solar-terrestrial relationships.
In the nation
In 1782, the Gnadenhutten massacre took place as some 90 Indians were slain by militiamen in Ohio in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.
In 1917, the U.S. Senate voted to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
In 1995, the plummeting dollar stabilized after Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan called the decline unwarranted.
In 2000, President Clinton submitted to Congress legislation to establish permanent normal trade relations with China. A letter carrier, two firefighters and a sheriff's deputy were shot to death in Memphis, Tenn., allegedly by the letter carrier's husband, Frederick Williams, who was also a firefighter.
In the world
In 1702, England's Queen Anne ascended the throne upon the death of King William III.
In 1854, U.S. Commodore Matthew C. Perry made his second landing in Japan; within a month, he concluded a treaty with the Japanese.
In 1917, Russia's "February Revolution" (so called because of the old-style calendar being used by Russians at the time) began with rioting and strikes in St. Petersburg.
In 1942, Japanese forces captured Rangoon, Burma, during World War II.
In 1965, the United States landed about 3,500 Marines in South Vietnam.
In 1995, two United States diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
In 2004, Iraq's Governing Council signed a landmark interim constitution. Todd Bertuzzi of the Vancouver Canucks slugged Colorado Avalanche forward Steve Moore during a game, leaving Moore with a broken neck, concussion and facial cuts.
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