This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, March 08, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1913, the weekly newspaper The Commoner was established in Valdez by John W. Frame.

• In 1960, over Gov. William Egan's veto, the Alaska Legislature passed a bill allowing games of chance to be operated by civic, religious and service organizations. This bill legalized the Nenana Ice Classic, which began in 1917.

• In 1969, the University of Alaska fired rockets with barium payloads into the atmosphere, brightening Alaskan skies during March to study solar-terrestrial relationships.

In the nation

• In 1782, the Gnadenhutten massacre took place as some 90 Indians were slain by militiamen in Ohio in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.

• In 1917, the U.S. Senate voted to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.

• In 1995, the plummeting dollar stabilized after Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan called the decline unwarranted.

• In 2000, President Clinton submitted to Congress legislation to establish permanent normal trade relations with China. A letter carrier, two firefighters and a sheriff's deputy were shot to death in Memphis, Tenn., allegedly by the letter carrier's husband, Frederick Williams, who was also a firefighter.

In the world

• In 1702, England's Queen Anne ascended the throne upon the death of King William III.

• In 1854, U.S. Commodore Matthew C. Perry made his second landing in Japan; within a month, he concluded a treaty with the Japanese.

• In 1917, Russia's "February Revolution" (so called because of the old-style calendar being used by Russians at the time) began with rioting and strikes in St. Petersburg.

• In 1942, Japanese forces captured Rangoon, Burma, during World War II.

• In 1965, the United States landed about 3,500 Marines in South Vietnam.

• In 1995, two United States diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.

• In 2004, Iraq's Governing Council signed a landmark interim constitution. Todd Bertuzzi of the Vancouver Canucks slugged Colorado Avalanche forward Steve Moore during a game, leaving Moore with a broken neck, concussion and facial cuts.

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