This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, March 10, 2005

In Alaska

In 1938, the town of Port Alexander at the south end of Baranof Island was incorporated.

In 1938, the Baranof Hotel formally opened in Juneau with a gala celebration.

In 1939, home and office long-distance service was inaugurated in Juneau. It was no longer necessary to place calls from the Federal Building.

In 1959, the Alaska House approved a salary of $25,000 for the governor of Alaska.

In 1959, the Detroit '59ers, traveling from Michigan to homestead on the Kenai Peninsula, arrived in North Dakota.

In 1964, Mt. Pogrommi, on Unimak Island, erupted, sending flaming chunks of rock 5,000 feet into the air.

In the nation

In 1864, Ulysses S. Grant became commander of the Union armies in the Civil War.

In 1876, the first successful voice transmission over Alexander Graham Bell's telephone took place in Boston as his assistant heard Bell say, "Mr. Watson, come here. I want you."

In 1880, the Salvation Army arrived in the United States from England.

In 1949, Nazi wartime broadcaster Mildred E. Gillars, also known as "Axis Sally," was convicted in Washington, D.C., of treason. (She served 12 years in prison.)

In 1965, Neil Simon's play "The Odd Couple," starring Walter Matthau and Art Carney, opened on Broadway.

In 1969, James Earl Ray pleaded guilty in Memphis, Tenn., to the assassination of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. (Ray later repudiated that plea, maintaining his innocence until his death.)

In 1980, "Scarsdale Diet" author Dr. Herman Tarnower was shot to death in Purchase, N.Y. (Jean Harris, convicted of murder, served nearly 12 years in prison before being released in January 1993.)

In 2004, teenage sniper Lee Boyd Malvo was sentenced in Chesapeake, Va., to life in prison.

In the world

In 1629, England's King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he did not call it back for 11 years.

In 1785, Thomas Jefferson was appointed minister to France, succeeding Benjamin Franklin.

In 1848, the Senate ratified the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the war with Mexico.

In 2000, Pope John Paul II approved sainthood for Katharine Drexel, a Philadelphia socialite who had taken a vow of poverty and devoted her fortune to helping poor blacks and American Indians.

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