In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1938, the town of Port Alexander at the south end of Baranof Island was incorporated. The Baranof Hotel formally opened in Juneau with a gala celebration.
In 1939, home and office long-distance service was inaugurated in Juneau. It was no longer necessary to place calls from the Federal Building.
In 1959, the Alaska State House approved a salary of $25,000 for the governor of Alaska.
In 1964, Mount Pogrommi, on Unimak Island, erupted, sending flaming chunks of rock 5,000 feet into the air.
In the nation
In 1848, the Senate ratified the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the war with Mexico.
In 1876, the first successful voice transmission over Alexander Graham Bell's telephone took place in Boston as his assistant heard Bell say, "Mr. Watson - come here - I want to see you." (The words were recounted by Bell in his lab notebook.)
In 1880, the Salvation Army arrived in the United States from England.
In 1949, Nazi wartime broadcaster Mildred E. Gillars, also known as "Axis Sally," was convicted in Washington, D.C., of treason. (She served 12 years in prison.)
In 1980, "Scarsdale Diet" author Dr. Herman Tarnower was shot to death in Purchase, N.Y. (Tarnower's former lover, Jean Harris, was convicted of murder; she served nearly 12 years in prison before being released in January 1993.)
In the world
In 1629, England's King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he did not call it back for 11 years.
In 1785, Thomas Jefferson was appointed minister to France, succeeding Benjamin Franklin.
In 1948, the body of the anti-communist foreign minister of Czechoslovakia, Jan Masaryk, was found in the garden of Czernin Palace in Prague. Authorities said that his death was a suicide, but others continue to claim that he was murdered.
In 1988, prior to the 50th anniversary of the Anschluss, Austrian President Kurt Waldheim apologized on his country's behalf for atrocities committed by Austrian Nazis.
In 2003, facing almost certain defeat, the United States and Britain delayed a vote in the U.N. Security Council to give Saddam Hussein an ultimatum to disarm. Natalie Maines, lead singer of the Dixie Chicks, told a London audience: "Just so you know ... we're ashamed the president of the United States is from Texas."