This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, March 13, 2003

In Alaska:

• In 1913, Sen. Henry Roden of Iditarod introduced a bill requiring a maximum 8-hour day on all work for the Territory of Alaska.

• In 1959, U.S. Interior Secretary Fred Seaton closed Bristol Bay to commercial fishing to provide for adequate escapement.

• In 1959, the Detroit '59'ers. traveling from Michigan to homestead on the Kenai Peninsula, dwindled from 13 vehicles and 50-plus families to 12 vehicles and 35 people.

In the nation:

• In 1868, the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began in the U.S. Senate.

• In 1884, Standard Time was adopted throughout the United States.

• In 1901, the 23rd president of the United States, Benjamin Harrison, died in Indianapolis.

• In 1906, American suffragist Susan B. Anthony died in Rochester, N.Y.

• In 1925, a law went into effect in Tennessee prohibiting the teaching of evolution.

• In 1933, banks began to reopen after a "holiday" declared by President Franklin Roosevelt.

• In 1969, the Apollo 9 astronauts splashed down, ending a mission that included successful testing of the Lunar Module.

• In 1980, Ford Motor Chairman Henry Ford II announced he was stepping down.

• In 1980, a jury in Winamac, Ind., found Ford Motor Co. innocent of reckless homicide in the fiery deaths of three young women riding in a Ford Pinto.

In the world:

• In 1781, the planet Uranus was discovered by Sir William Herschel.

• In 1993, the Russian Congress adjourned after a session that seriously weakened President Boris Yeltsin's power.

• In 1996, a gunman burst into an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, and opened fire on a class of kindergartners, killing 16 children and one teacher before killing himself.

• In 2002, President Bush declared at a news conference that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was a menace "and we're going to deal with him," and said Osama bin Laden had been reduced to a marginal figure in the war on terrorism.

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