In 1913, Sen. Henry Roden of Iditarod introduced a bill requiring a maximum 8-hour day on all work for the Territory of Alaska.
In 1959, U.S. Interior Secretary Fred Seaton closed Bristol Bay to commercial fishing to provide for adequate escapement.
In 1959, the Detroit '59'ers. traveling from Michigan to homestead on the Kenai Peninsula, dwindled from 13 vehicles and 50-plus families to 12 vehicles and 35 people.
In the nation:
In 1868, the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began in the U.S. Senate.
In 1884, Standard Time was adopted throughout the United States.
In 1901, the 23rd president of the United States, Benjamin Harrison, died in Indianapolis.
In 1906, American suffragist Susan B. Anthony died in Rochester, N.Y.
In 1925, a law went into effect in Tennessee prohibiting the teaching of evolution.
In 1933, banks began to reopen after a "holiday" declared by President Franklin Roosevelt.
In 1969, the Apollo 9 astronauts splashed down, ending a mission that included successful testing of the Lunar Module.
In 1980, Ford Motor Chairman Henry Ford II announced he was stepping down.
In 1980, a jury in Winamac, Ind., found Ford Motor Co. innocent of reckless homicide in the fiery deaths of three young women riding in a Ford Pinto.
In the world:
In 1781, the planet Uranus was discovered by Sir William Herschel.
In 1993, the Russian Congress adjourned after a session that seriously weakened President Boris Yeltsin's power.
In 1996, a gunman burst into an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, and opened fire on a class of kindergartners, killing 16 children and one teacher before killing himself.
In 2002, President Bush declared at a news conference that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was a menace "and we're going to deal with him," and said Osama bin Laden had been reduced to a marginal figure in the war on terrorism.