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In 1913, Sen. Henry Roden of Iditarod introduced a bill requiring a maximum eight-hour day on all work for the Territory of Alaska.
In 1959, U.S. Interior Secretary Fred Seaton closed Bristol Bay to commercial fishing to provide for adequate salmon escapement.
In the nation
In 1868, the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began in the U.S. Senate.
In 1884, Standard Time was adopted throughout the United States.
In 1925, a law went into effect in Tennessee prohibiting the teaching of evolution.
In 1933, banks began to reopen after a "holiday" declared by President Roosevelt.
In 1964, 38 residents of a Queens, N.Y., neighborhood failed to respond to the cries of Catherine "Kitty" Genovese, 28, as she was being stabbed to death.
In 1980, Ford Motor Chairman Henry Ford II announced he was stepping down. A jury in Winamac, Ind., found Ford Motor Co. innocent of reckless homicide in the fiery deaths of three young women riding in a Ford Pinto.
In 2001, Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian national who was arrested with a carload of explosives just before New Year's Eve 1999, went on trial in Los Angeles on charges of plotting to bomb Seattle and other U.S. cities during the millennium celebrations. (He was convicted of terrorism the following month.)
In 2005, Robert Iger was named to succeed Michael Eisner as chief executive of The Walt Disney Company.
In the world
In 1781, the planet Uranus was discovered by Sir William Herschel.
In 1969, the Apollo 9 astronauts splashed down, ending a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module.
In 1996, a gunman burst into an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, and opened fire on a class of kindergartners, killing 16 children and one teacher before killing himself. World leaders, including President Clinton, held a summit in Sharm El-Sheik, Egypt, where they vowed unequivocal support for the Mideast peace process.
In 2001, France announced its first case of foot-and-mouth disease, prompting the U.S. Department of Agriculture to suspend imports of livestock and fresh meat from the European Union.
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