This Day in History

Posted: Monday, March 14, 2005

In Alaska

In 1929, air passenger service between Seattle and Alaska was inaugurated by International Airways of Seattle.

In 1959, Anchorage attorney Victor Fischer was named to the national committee of the American Civil Liberties Union.

In 1959, plans were announced for a second group of Detroit residents to travel to Alaska to create a "Little Michigan" in Alaska. According to their leader, they had plans to "move the mountains and spill the glaciers."

In 1969, British Petroleum hit oil at its Put River drilling site on the North Slope.

In 1969, Interior Secretary Walter Hickel asked the Senate Interior Committee for clearance of the first step towards construction of a huge oil pipeline from the North Slope to the Gulf of Alaska.

In 1969, several sunken railroad cars were found in Resurrection Bay waters off Seward, apparently swept there by the 1964 earthquake's tidal aftermath. Each was reportedly filled with 10,000 gallons of aviation fuel.

In 1969, Alaska crime was reported up 39 percent in one year [1967-68].

In 1969, four men on four snow machines left Barrow for Fairbanks, attempting the first overland snowmobile journey. They succeeded, but two other groups who attempted it at the same time failed.

In the nation

In 1743, the first recorded town meeting in America was held, at Faneuil Hall in Boston.

In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America's cotton industry.

In 1900, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act.

In 1923, President Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax report.

In 1943, Aaron Copland's orchestral work "Fanfare for the Common Man" premiered in New York, with George Szell conducting.

In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, the previous November.

In 1995, American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off aboard a Soyuz spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station.

In 2000, Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore clinched their presidential nominations in a sweep of Southern primaries. Defending champion Doug Swingley drove his dog team to victory in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.

In the world

In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation.

In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

In 1965, Israel's cabinet formally approved establishment of diplomatic relations with West Germany.

In 1980, a Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team.

In 1991, a British court reversed the convictions of the "Birmingham Six," who had spent 16 years in prison for an Irish Republican Army bombing, and ordered them released.

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