This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, March 14, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1929, air passenger service between Seattle and Alaska was inaugurated by International Airways of Seattle.

• In 1959, Anchorage attorney Victor Fischer was named to the national committee of the American Civil Liberties Union. Plans were announced for a second group of Detroit residents to travel to Alaska to create a "Little Michigan" in Alaska. According to their leader, they had plans to "move the mountains and spill the glaciers."

• In 1969, British Petroleum hit oil at its Put River drilling site on the North Slope. Interior Secretary Walter Hickel asked the Senate Interior Committee for clearance of the first step toward construction of a huge oil pipeline from the North Slope to the Gulf of Alaska. Several sunken railroad cars were found in Resurrection Bay waters off Seward, apparently swept there by the 1964 earthquake's tidal aftermath. Each was reportedly filled with 10,000 gallons of aviation fuel. Alaska crime was reported up 39 percent in one year (1967-68). Four men on four snow machines, left Barrow for Fairbanks, attempting the first overland snowmobile journey. They succeeded, but two other groups who attempted it at the same time failed.

• In 2001, Doug Swingley won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in Alaska for the third straight year.

In the nation

• In 1743, the first recorded town meeting in America was held, at Faneuil Hall in Boston.

• In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America's cotton industry.

• In 1900, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act.

• In 1923, President Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax report.

• In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy.

• In 1996, Steve Forbes dropped his quest for the Republican presidential nomination.

• In 2005, a judge in San Francisco ruled that California's ban on gay marriage was unconstitutional. U2, The Pretenders, The O'Jays, Percy Sledge and blues legend Buddy Guy were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

In the world

• In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation.

• In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

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