This Day in History

Posted: Monday, March 15, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1901, the Alaska Electric Light & Power Company at Juneau was incorporated.

• In 1916, the Bering River and Matanuska Valley Coal Reserves were proclaimed by President Woodrow Wilson.

• In 1942, the U.S. Army established a post at Cordova with 21 officers and 443 enlisted men.

• In 1969, plans to begin construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline were given the green light from the U.S. Senate's Interior Committee. The Juneau Empire was purchased by an Atlanta, Georgia-based newspaper chain owned by William Morris III.

In the nation

• In 1820, Maine became the 23rd state.

• In 1913, President Wilson held the first open presidential news conference.

• In 1956, the Lerner and Loewe musical "My Fair Lady" opened on Broadway.

• In 1977, the U.S. House of Representatives began a 90-day test to determine the feasibility of showing its sessions on television.

• In 1994, Illinois Rep. Dan Rostenkowski, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, defeated four Democratic primary challengers in his bid for re-election.

• In 1999, an Amtrak train slammed into a steel-filled truck at a crossing in Bourbonnais, Ill., killing 11 people. Bruce Springsteen, Paul McCartney, Billy Joel and Dusty Springfield were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

• In 2003, protesters in Washington, D.C., and around the world demonstrated against a possible war with Iraq.

In the world

• In 44 B.C., Roman dictator Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of nobles including Brutus and Cassius.

• In 1919, the American Legion was founded, in Paris.

• In 1493, Christopher Columbus returned to Spain, concluding his first voyage to the Western Hemisphere.

• In 1944, during World War II, Allied bombers again raided German-held Monte Cassino.

• In 1964, actress Elizabeth Taylor married actor Richard Burton in Montreal. It was her fifth marriage, his second.

• In 1999, the Kosovar Albanian delegation to peace talks in Paris said it was ready to sign an international accord for Kosovo.

• In 2003, Hu Jintao was chosen to replace Jiang Zemin as the president of China.

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