In 1913, Gov. Walter E. Clark signed the first law of the first Alaska Legislature, providing for Women's Suffrage.
In 1969, Fairbanks was named an All-American City by editors of Look Magazine and the National Municipal League.
In the nation
In 1790, Thomas Jefferson reported to President Washington in New York as the new secretary of state.
In 1946, the United Nations set up temporary headquarters at Hunter College in New York.
In 1963, the Alcatraz federal prison island in San Francisco Bay was emptied of its last inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
In 1965, more than 3,000 civil rights demonstrators led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began their march from Selma to Montgomery, Ala.
In 1972, the Supreme Court ruled that states may not require at least a year's residency for voting eligibility.
In 2002, Marjorie Knoller, whose two huge dogs mauled neighbor Diane Whipple to death in their San Francisco apartment building, was convicted in Los Angeles of murder and involuntary manslaughter; her husband, Robert Noel, was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter. (A judge later threw out the murder conviction against Knoller; she was sentenced to four years in prison. Noel was also sentenced to four years.) Former Georgia governor and U.S. senator Herman Talmadge died in Hampton, Ga., at age 88.
In the world
In 1685, composer Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany.
In 1804, the French civil code, the "Code Napoleon," was adopted.
In 1871, journalist Henry M. Stanley began his famous expedition to Africa to locate the missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone.
In 1945, during World War II, Allied bombers began four days of raids over Germany.
In 1960, some 70 people were killed in Sharpeville, South Africa, when police fired on demonstrators.
In 1993, voters in France handed the Socialist government a devastating defeat in first-round parliamentary elections.
In 1998, Pope John Paul II began a visit to Nigeria with the Vatican pressing the African nation's military regime to release dozens of prisoners, including prominent opposition figures and journalists.