In 1913, Gov. Walter E. Clark signed the first law of the first Alaska Legislature, providing for Women's Suffrage.
In 1969, the city of Fairbanks was named an All-American City by editors of Look Magazine and the National Municipal League.
In the nation
In 1790, Thomas Jefferson reported to President Washington in New York as the new secretary of state.
In 1944, Charles Chaplin went on trial in Los Angeles, accused of transporting former protégé Joan Barry across state lines for immoral purposes. (Chaplin was acquitted, but later lost a paternity suit despite tests showing he wasn't the father of Barry's child.)
In 1963, the Alcatraz federal prison island in San Francisco Bay was emptied of its last inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
In 1965, more than 3,000 civil rights demonstrators led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began their march in Alabama from Selma to Montgomery.
In 1994, "Schindler's List" won best picture at the 66th Academy Awards; Holly Hunter was named best actress for "The Piano" while Tom Hanks was named best actor for "Philadelphia." Actor Macdonald Carey died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 81.
In 1999, at the Academy Awards, "Shakespeare in Love" won seven Oscars, including best picture and best actress for Gwyneth Paltrow; Roberto Benigni won best actor for "Life is Beautiful," while Steven Spielberg won best director for "Saving Private Ryan."
In 2003, the House approved a $2.2 trillion budget embracing President Bush's tax-cutting plan.
In the world
In 1685, composer Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany.
In 1804, the French civil code, or the "Code Napoleon" as it was later called, was adopted.