In 1913, Governor Walter E. Clark signed the first law of the first Alaska Legislature, providing for women's suffrage .
In 1969, the city of Fairbanks was named an All-American City by editors of Look Magazine and the National Municipal League.
In the nation
In 1790, Thomas Jefferson reported to President Washington in New York as the new secretary of state.
In 1963, the Alcatraz federal prison island in San Francisco Bay was emptied of its last inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
In 1965, more than 3,000 civil rights demonstrators led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began their march from Selma to Montgomery, Ala.
In 2000, a divided Supreme Court ruled the government lacked authority to regulate tobacco as an addictive drug, throwing out the Clinton administration's main anti-smoking initiative.
In 2004, the White House disputed assertions by President Bush's former counterterrorism coordinator, Richard A. Clarke, that the administration had failed to recognize the risk of an attack by al-Qaida in the months leading up to Sept. 11. Clarke's assertions were contained in a new book, "Against All Enemies," that went on sale the next day.
In the world
In 1804, the French civil code, or the "Code Napoleon" as it was later called, was adopted.
In 1871, journalist Henry M. Stanley began his famous expedition to Africa to locate the missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone.
In 1945, during World War II, Allied bombers began four days of raids over Germany.
In 1960, some 70 people were killed in Sharpeville, South Africa, when police fired on demonstrators.
In 1979, the Egyptian Parliament unanimously approved a peace treaty with Israel.
In 1985, police in Langa, South Africa, opened fire on blacks marching to mark the 25th anniversary of the Sharpeville shootings, killing at least 21 demonstrators.
In 1995, thousands of Japanese police raided the offices of a secretive religious group, Aum Shinri Kyo, in connection with nerve-gas attacks on Tokyo subways that killed 12 people and sickened thousands.
In 2000, Pope John Paul II began the first official visit by a Roman Catholic pontiff to Israel.
In 2004, Iraqi-born architect Zaha Hadid won the prestigious 2004 Pritzker Architecture Prize, becoming the first woman to receive the profession's highest honor.
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