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In 1910, President William Taft proclaimed the creation of the Sitka National Monument.
In 1933, Gov. George Parks signed into law a bill repealing the Alaska Bone Dry Law.
In 1955, Dan A. Sutherland, former Alaska legislator and delegate in Congress, died in Pennsylvania.
In 1959, Department of Fish & Game agent reported finding a moose in a tree.
In the nation
In 1806, explorers Lewis and Clark, having reached the Pacific coast, began their journey back east.
In 1965, America's first two-person space flight began as Gemini 3 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard.
In 1983, President Reagan first proposed developing technology to intercept enemy missiles - a proposal that came to be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative, as well as "Star Wars."
In 1997, the American Cancer Society recommended that women begin annual mammograms at age 40.
In 2006, police took DNA samples from 46 members of the Duke University lacrosse team after a woman hired to dance for a party charged she'd been raped. (Three players were indicted on charges of attacking the woman, but the rape counts were later dropped.)
In the world
In 1775, Patrick Henry made his famous call for American independence from Britain, telling the Virginia Provincial Convention, "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
In 1792, Joseph Haydn's Symphony No. 94 in G Major (the "Surprise" symphony) was performed publicly for the first time, in London.
In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement in Milan, Italy.