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In 1975, nine high school students and four chaperones from Craig, on Prince of Wales Island, returned from a month-long trip to China.
In the nation
In 1634, Maryland was founded by English colonists sent by Lord Baltimore.
In 1865, during the Civil War, Confederate forces attacked Fort Stedman in Virginia, but were forced to withdraw by counterattacking Union troops.
In 1894, Jacob S. Coxey began leading an "army" of unemployed from Massillon, Ohio, to Washington to demand help from the federal government.
In 1911, 146 immigrant workers were killed when fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in New York.
In 1947, a coal mine explosion in Centralia, Ill., claimed 111 lives.
In 1965, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
In 1990, 87 people, most of them Honduran and Dominican immigrants, were killed when fire raced through an illegal social club in New York City.
In 1996, the redesigned $100 bill went into circulation.
In 1997, the Federal Reserve nudged interest rates higher for the first time in two years, hoping to stifle any threat of rising inflation. Gov. Zell Miller of Georgia signed into law a ban on a controversial form of late-term abortion. Former President George Bush, at age 73, parachuted from a plane over the Arizona desert.
In 2006, in Los Angeles, 500,000 people marched to protest federal legislation to make illegal immigration a felony and build more walls along the border. In Seattle, Aaron Kyle Huff opened fire in a house full of ravers, killing six of them before killing himself.
In the world
In 1807, Britain abolished its slave trade.
In 1957, the Treaty of Rome established the European Economic Community.
In 1975, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew with a history of mental illness. (The nephew was beheaded in June 1975.)
In 2002, a powerful earthquake rocked Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan, killing up to 1,000 people.
In 2006, Kimmie Meissner won the ladies' World Figure Skating Championships title in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.