In the nation
In 1634, English colonists sent by Lord Baltimore arrived in present-day Maryland.
In 1865, during the Civil War, Confederate forces attacked Fort Stedman in Virginia, but were forced to withdraw by counterattacking Union troops.
In 1894, Jacob S. Coxey began leading an "army" of unemployed from Massillon, Ohio, to Washington to demand help from the federal government.
In 1911, 146 people, mostly female immigrants, were killed when fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Co. in New York.
In 1947, a coal mine explosion in Centralia, Ill., claimed 111 lives.
In 1965, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
In 1988, in New York City's so-called "Preppie Killer" case, Robert Chambers Jr. pleaded guilty to first-degree manslaughter in the death of 18-year-old Jennifer Levin.
In 1990, 87 people, most of them Honduran and Dominican immigrants, were killed when fire raced through an illegal social club in New York City.
In 1998, the Federal Communications Commission netted $578.6 million at auction for licenses for new wireless technology.
In 2003, the Senate voted to slash President Bush's proposed $726 billion tax-cutting package in half, handing the president a defeat on the foundation of his plan to awaken the nation's slumbering economy. Former Waterbury, Conn., Mayor Philip Giordano was convicted by a federal jury of violating the civil rights of two preteen girls by sexually abusing them. Giordano was later sentenced to 37 years in federal prison.
In the world
In 1975, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was shot to death by a nephew with a history of mental illness. The nephew was beheaded in June 1975.
In 1998, shaken by horror stories from the worst genocide since World War II, President Clinton grimly acknowledged during his Africa tour that "we did not act quickly enough" to stop the slaughter of up to a million Rwandans four years earlier.
In 2007, Iran announced it was partially suspending cooperation with the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency, citing what it called "illegal and bullying" Security Council sanctions imposed on the country for its refusal to stop enriching uranium. Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi won Mauritania's first free presidential election.