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This Day in History

Posted: Monday, March 29, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1902, the residents of Douglas voted 158-70 to incorporate as a "first-class city."

• In 1911, a copper spike was driven to mark the completion of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway.

• In 1952, keys to the new Alaska Office Building were formally turned over to the Territory of Alaska.

• In 1969, former Gov. Walter Hickel was named "Alaskan of the Year."

• In 1974, Japanese owners of the Ebisu Maru paid a record $300,000 fine for illegal fishing in Alaska waters. Homesteading in Alaska virtually ended with Federal Register Public Order 5418 signed by U.S. Secretary of the Interior Rogers Morton, withdrawing 15 million acres of unreserved federal land from the public domain.

In the nation

• In 1638, Swedish colonists settled in present-day Delaware.

• In 1790, the 10th president of the United States, John Tyler, was born in Charles City County, Va.

• In 1882, the Knights of Columbus was chartered in Connecticut.

• In 1943, World War II meat, butter and cheese rationing began.

• In 1951, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. They were executed in June 1953.

• In 1962, Jack Paar hosted NBC's "Tonight" show for the final time.

• In 1971, Army Lt. William L. Calley Jr. was convicted of murdering at least 22 Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai massacre. Calley ended up spending three years under house arrest.

• In 1974, eight Ohio National Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths of four students at Kent State University. The guardsmen were later acquitted.

• In 1999, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above 10,000 for the first time, ending the day at 10,006.78. Connecticut beat top-ranked Duke, 77-74, for its first NCAA basketball championship. Legendary jazz singer Joe Williams died in Las Vegas at age 80.

In the world

• In 1847, victorious forces led by General Winfield Scott occupied the city of Vera Cruz after Mexican defenders capitulated.

• In 1867, the British Parliament passed the North America Act to create the Dominion of Canada.

• In 1973, the last United States combat troops left South Vietnam, ending America's direct military involvement in the Vietnam War.



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