This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, March 29, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1902, the residents of Douglas voted 158-70 to incorporate as a first-class city.

• In 1911, a copper spike was driven to mark the completion of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway.

• In 1952, keys to the new Alaska Office Building were formally turned over to the territory of Alaska.

• In 1969, former Gov. Walter Hickel was named "Alaskan of the Year."

• 1974, Japanese owners of the Ebisu Maru paid a record $300,000 fine for illegal fishing in Alaska waters.

• In 1974, homesteading in Alaska virtually ended with Federal Register Public Order 5418 signed by U.S. Secretary of the Interior Rogers Morton, withdrawing 15 million acres of unreserved federal land from the public domain.

In the nation

• In 1973, the last U.S. combat troops left South Vietnam, ending America's direct military involvement in the Vietnam War.

• In 1882, the Knights of Columbus was chartered in Connecticut.

• In 1943, World War II meat, butter and cheese rationing began.

• In 1951, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. (They were executed in June 1953.)

• In 1962, Jack Paar hosted NBC's "Tonight" show for the final time.

• In 1971, Army Lt. William L. Calley Jr. was convicted of murdering 22 Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai massacre. (Calley ended up spending three years under house arrest.)

• In 1974, eight Ohio National Guardsmen were indicted on federal charges stemming from the shooting deaths of four students at Kent State University. (The charges were later dismissed.)

• In 1997, Vice President Al Gore concluded his tour of Asia, saying that talks in Beijing had created "new momentum" in relations between the U.S. and China.

In the world

• In 1638, Swedish colonists settled in present-day Delaware.

• In 1847, victorious forces led by General Winfield Scott occupied the city of Vera Cruz after Mexican defenders capitulated.

• In 1867, Britain's Parliament passed the British North America Act (later known as the Constitution Act) to create the Dominion of Canada.

• In 2002, Israel declared Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat an enemy and sent tanks and armored personnel carriers to fully isolate him in his Ramallah, West Bank, headquarters.

• In 2006, Hamas formally took over the Palestinian government, with Ismail Haniyeh sworn in as the new prime minister. The U.N. Security Council demanded that Iran suspend uranium enrichment, the first time the body directly urged Tehran to clear up suspicions that it was seeking nuclear weapons. Former Liberian President Charles Taylor, accused of war crimes, was flown to Sierra Leone after he was captured in northern Nigeria.

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