This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, April 01, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1914, A meeting of the Juneau Draper Club decided to establish a public library.

• In 1939, The Alaska Mining Exchange offered a free employment service to lode and placer miners in Alaska.

• In 1945, An earthquake cracked open the bottom of the ocean floor a few miles offshore of the Scotch Cap Lighthouse, on the eastern side of Unimak Pass, sending a tidal wave that destroyed the 60-foot structure, and travelled throughout the North Pacific, Hawaii, Japan, and along the California coast.

• In 1979, Close to 400 people, usually the law & order type, deliberately broke every Federal Regulation they could think of to protest creation of the Wrangell-St. Elias National Monument, at the site of the monument, including "illegal use of vehicles."

In the nation

• In 1853, Cincinnati, Ohio, became the first U.S. city to pay its firefighters a regular salary.

• In 1946, tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths.

• In 1960, the first weather satellite, TIROS I, was launched from Cape Canaveral.

• In 1963, the daytime drama "General Hospital" premiered on ABC TV. Most of New York City's daily newspapers resumed publishing after settlement was reached in a 114-day strike.

• In 1970, President Nixon signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and television, to take effect after Jan. 1, 1971.

• In 1987, in his first major speech on the AIDS epidemic, President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy No. 1."

• In 1993, In an impassioned plea for Russian aid, President Clinton told newspaper editors in Annapolis, Md., that America should help "not out of charity" but as a crucial investment in peace and prosperity.

• In 1998, U.S. District Judge Susan Webber Wright dismissed Paula Jones' lawsuit against President Clinton, saying her claims of sexual harassment fell "far short" of being worthy of trial.

• In 2002, Maryland won its first NCAA men's basketball championship with a 64-52 victory over Indiana.

In the world

• In 1918, the Royal Air Force was established in Britain.

• In 1933, Nazi Germany began persecuting Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.

• In 1945, American forces invaded Okinawa during World II.

• In 1983, tens of thousands of anti-nuclear demonstrators linked arms in a 14-mile human chain spanning three defense installations in rural England, including the Greenham Common U.S. Air Base.

• In 2002, Israeli tanks and bulldozers rumbled into more Palestinian towns and massed on the edge of Bethlehem in an expansion of a West Bank offensive.

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