In 1914, A meeting of the Juneau Draper Club decided to establish a public library.
In 1939, The Alaska Mining Exchange offered a free employment service to lode and placer miners in Alaska.
In 1945, An earthquake cracked open the bottom of the ocean floor a few miles offshore of the Scotch Cap Lighthouse, on the eastern side of Unimak Pass, sending a tidal wave that destroyed the 60-foot structure, and travelled throughout the North Pacific, Hawaii, Japan, and along the California coast.
In 1979, Close to 400 people, usually the law & order type, deliberately broke every Federal Regulation they could think of to protest creation of the Wrangell-St. Elias National Monument, at the site of the monument, including "illegal use of vehicles."
In the nation
In 1853, Cincinnati, Ohio, became the first U.S. city to pay its firefighters a regular salary.
In 1946, tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths.
In 1960, the first weather satellite, TIROS I, was launched from Cape Canaveral.
In 1963, the daytime drama "General Hospital" premiered on ABC TV. Most of New York City's daily newspapers resumed publishing after settlement was reached in a 114-day strike.
In 1970, President Nixon signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and television, to take effect after Jan. 1, 1971.
In 1987, in his first major speech on the AIDS epidemic, President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy No. 1."
In 1993, In an impassioned plea for Russian aid, President Clinton told newspaper editors in Annapolis, Md., that America should help "not out of charity" but as a crucial investment in peace and prosperity.
In 1998, U.S. District Judge Susan Webber Wright dismissed Paula Jones' lawsuit against President Clinton, saying her claims of sexual harassment fell "far short" of being worthy of trial.
In 2002, Maryland won its first NCAA men's basketball championship with a 64-52 victory over Indiana.
In the world
In 1918, the Royal Air Force was established in Britain.
In 1933, Nazi Germany began persecuting Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
In 1945, American forces invaded Okinawa during World II.
In 1983, tens of thousands of anti-nuclear demonstrators linked arms in a 14-mile human chain spanning three defense installations in rural England, including the Greenham Common U.S. Air Base.
In 2002, Israeli tanks and bulldozers rumbled into more Palestinian towns and massed on the edge of Bethlehem in an expansion of a West Bank offensive.