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In 1914, the Juneau Draper Club decided to establish a public library.
In 1945, an earthquake cracked open the bottom of the ocean floor a few miles offshore of the Scotch Cap Lighthouse, on the eastern side of Unimak Pass, sending a tidal wave that destroyed the 60-foot structure.
In the nation
In 1853, Cincinnati established a fire department made up of paid city employees.
In 1945, American forces invaded Okinawa, Japan, during World War II.
In 1946, tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths.
In 1960, the first weather satellite, TIROS 1, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
In 1963, most of New York City's daily newspapers resumed publishing after settlement was reached in a 114-day strike.
In 1970, President Nixon signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and television, to take effect after Jan. 1, 1971.
In 1987, in his first major speech on the AIDS epidemic, President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy number one."
In 1997, Federal authorities cautioned that thousands of schoolchildren across the nation might have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus by eating frozen strawberries imported from Mexico and processed in the U.S.
In 2003, American troops entered a hospital in Nasiriyah, Iraq, and rescued Army Private 1st Class Jessica Lynch, who'd been held prisoner since her unit was ambushed.
In 2002, Maryland won its first NCAA men's basketball championship with a 64-52 victory over Indiana.
In 2006, Former hostage Jill Carroll arrived in Germany, where she strongly disavowed statements she had made during captivity in Iraq and shortly after her release, saying she had been repeatedly threatened. Two American pilots were killed when their Apache helicopter was shot down near Baghdad.
In the world
In 1918, the Royal Air Force was established in Britain.
In 1933, Nazi Germany began persecuting Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
In 2002, Israeli tanks and bulldozers rumbled into more Palestinian towns and massed on the edge of Bethlehem in an expansion of a West Bank offensive.