In 1895, Frank Peratrovich - Tlingit leader & first president of the Alaska Senate - was born in Klawock.
In 1906, Wilford B. Hoggatt took office as the Sixth Governor of the Territory of Alaska, appointed by President President Teddy Roosevelt.
In 1935, Pacific Alaska Airway began their Juneau-Fairbanks service.
In 1959, Alaska Airlines applied for routes to Hawaii.
In the nation
In 1513, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed in Florida.
In 1792, Congress passed the Coinage Act, which authorized establishment of the U.S. Mint.
In 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet fled the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va.
In 1872, Samuel F.B. Morse, developer of the electric telegraph, died in New York.
In 1917, President Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany, saying, "The world must be made safe for democracy."
In 1932, aviator Charles A. Lindbergh and Dr. John F. Condon turned over $50,000 in ransom to an unidentified man in a New York City cemetery in exchange for Lindbergh's kidnapped son. (The child, however, was not returned, and was found dead the following month.)
In 1992, mob boss John Gotti was convicted in New York of murder and racketeering; he was later sentenced to life in prison.
In 1993, President Clinton presided at a daylong conference in Portland, Ore., on how much logging should be allowed on federal land.
In 2002, Israel seized control of Bethlehem; Palestinian gunmen forced their way into the Church of the Nativity, the traditional birthplace of Jesus, where they began a 39-day standoff.
In the world
In 1805, storyteller Hans Christian Andersen was born in Odense, Denmark.
In 1860, the first Italian Parliament met at Turin.
In 1982, several thousand troops from Argentina seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic, from Britain. (Britain seized the islands back the following June.)
In 1993, The Bosnian Serb parliament rejected a peace plan drafted by U.N. and European mediators and already approved by Bosnian Muslims and Croats.
In 1998, Shaking their fists in rage, thousands of mourners marched in a funeral procession in the West Bank for a top Hamas bombmaker (Mohiyedine Sharif) hailed by Palestinians as a martyr and condemned by Israel as a terrorist.