In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1895, Frank Peratrovich, Tlingit leader and first president of the Alaska Senate, was born in Klawock.
In 1906, Wilford B. Hoggatt took office as the sixth governor of the Territory of Alaska, appointed by President Teddy Roosevelt.
In 1935, Pacific Alaska Airway began its Juneau-Fairbanks service.
In 1959, Alaska Airlines applied for routes to Hawaii.
In the nation
In 1513, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed in present-day Florida.
In 1792, Congress passed the Coinage Act, which authorized establishment of the U.S. Mint.
In 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet fled the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va., because of advancing Union forces.
In 1917, President Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany, saying, "The world must be made safe for democracy." (Congress declared war four days later.)
In 1932, aviator Charles Lindbergh and John Condon went to a cemetery in New York, where Condon turned over $50,000 to a man called "John" in exchange for Lindbergh's kidnapped son. (The child was not returned, and was found dead the following month.)
In 1968, the influential science-fiction film "2001: A Space Odyssey," produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick, had its world premiere in Washington.
In 2007, in its first case on climate change, the Supreme Court declared in a 5-4 ruling that carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases were air pollutants under the Clean Air Act. Florida won its second consecutive college basketball championship, beating Ohio State 84-75; the Gators became the first team to repeat since Duke in 1991-92. Coaches Phil Jackson and Roy Williams were among those named to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
In the world
In 1982, several thousand troops from Argentina seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic, from Britain. (Britain took back the islands the following June.)
In 1986, four American passengers were killed when a bomb exploded aboard a TWA jetliner en route from Rome to Athens, Greece.
In 1998, shaking their fists in rage, thousands of mourners marched in a funeral procession in the West Bank for a top Hamas bomb maker (Mohiyedine Sharif) hailed by Palestinians as a martyr and condemned by Israel as a terrorist.
In 2003, American forces fought their way to within sight of the Baghdad skyline; Iraqi soldiers discarded their military uniforms by the roadside to hide their identity. A bomb blast near a wharf in the southern Philippine city of Davao killed 16.
In 2007, a tsunami in the Solomon Islands killed at least 50 people.
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