This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, April 03, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1898, A snowslide at Sheep Camp on the Chilkoot Trail left 43 men dead.

• In 1924, A 5-masted sailing vessel loaded with lumber from Juneau arrived in Australia after a 72-day voyage.

• In 1959, The Atomic Energy Commission reported that Russian atomic tests were causing the fallout level in Alaska to rise.

• In 1969, Sen. Ted Stevens and Rep. Howard Pollack threw their support behind President Nixon's proposed anti-ballistic missile system installment in Alaska.

• In 1973, The First Annual Iditarod Sled Dog Race ended with 22 mushers completing the run from Anchorage to Nome, with Dick Willmarth finishing first.

In the nation

• In 1865, Union forces occupied the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va.

• In 1860, the legendary Pony Express began service between St. Joseph, Mo., and Sacramento, Calif.

• In 1882, outlaw Jesse James was shot to death in St. Joseph, Mo., by Robert Ford, a member of James' gang.

• In 1936, Bruno Hauptmann was electrocuted in Trenton, N.J., for the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh child.

• In 1948, President Truman signed the Marshall Plan, which allocated more than $5 billion in aid for 16 European countries.

• In 1968, the day before he was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous "mountaintop" speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers.

• In 1996, Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski was arrested.

• In 1998, The Dow Jones industrial average climbed above nine-thousand for the first time, but finished with a 3.23 point drop at 8,983.41. Douglas Fred Groat, a disgruntled spy fired by the CIA, was charged with espionage and extortion. (Groat later pleaded guilty to extortion, and was sentenced to five years in prison.)

In the world

• In 1946, Lt. General Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander responsible for the Bataan Death March, was executed outside Manila.

• In 1968, North Vietnam agreed to meet with U.S. representatives to set up preliminary peace talks.

• In 1982, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.

• In 1996, an Air Force jetliner carrying Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and American business executives crashed in Croatia, killing all 35 people aboard.

• In 2002, Israeli tanks rolled into the West Bank's largest city, Nablus, and other troops laid siege to a refugee camp in Jenin, battling Palestinians who barricaded entrances and fought back with bombs and guns. Soldiers also encircled hundreds of Palestinian gunmen holed up in the Bethlehem church marking Jesus' birthplace.



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