This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, April 03, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1898, a snowslide at Sheep Camp on the Chilkoot Trail left 43 dead.

• In 1924, a five-masted sailing vessel loaded with lumber from Juneau arrived in Australia after a 72-day voyage.

• In 1959, the Atomic Energy Commission reported Russian atomic tests were causing the fallout level in Alaska to rise.

• In 1966, the village of Grayling was officially dedicated.

• In 1969, Sen. Ted Stevens and Rep. Howard Pollack threw their support behind President Nixon's proposed anti-ballistic missile system installment in Alaska.

• In 1973, the first Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race ended with 22 mushers completing the run from Anchorage to Nome. Dick Willmarth finished first.

In the nation

• In 1860, the legendary Pony Express began service between St. Joseph, Mo., and Sacramento, Calif.

• In 1865, Union forces occupied the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va.

• In 1882, outlaw Jesse James was shot to death in St. Joseph, Mo., by Robert Ford, a member of James' gang.

• In 1936, Bruno Hauptmann was electrocuted in Trenton, N.J., for the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh child.

• In 1948, President Truman signed the Marshall Plan, designed to help European allies rebuild after World War II and resist Communism.

• In 1968, the day before he was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., civil rights leader the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous "mountaintop" speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers.

• In 1974, deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; more than 300 fatalities resulted.

• In 1996, an Air Force jetliner carrying Commerce Secretary Ron Brown and American business executives crashed in Croatia, killing all 35 people aboard.

• In 1997, about 2,000 youngsters in California and Georgia lined up for shots to protect them against hepatitis from a contaminated shipment of frozen strawberries.

• In 2006, Florida beat UCLA, 73-57, to win its first NCAA title in men's basketball. Charles Barkley, Dominique Wilkins and Joe Dumars were among six people elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.

In the world

• In 1946, Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander responsible for the Bataan Death March, was executed outside Manila, Philippines.

• In 1895, North Vietnam agreed to meet with U.S. representatives to set up preliminary peace talks.

• In 1982, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.

• In 2002, Israeli tanks rolled into the West Bank's largest city, Nablus, and other troops laid siege to a refugee camp in Jenin, battling Palestinians who barricaded entrances and fought back with bombs and guns. Soldiers also encircled hundreds of Palestinian gunmen holed up in the Bethlehem church marking Jesus' birthplace.

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