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In 1824, the United States and Russia signed a treaty opening the North Pacific to American fishing and trading vessels.
In 1948, the Rev. Francis Gleeson was consecrated as Bishop of the Vicarate of Alaska.
In 1969, a resolution in the Alaska Senate asking U.S. Congress to declare Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a day of mourning failed by a 10-9 vote.
In the nation
In 1614, American Indian princess Pocahontas married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia.
In 1621, the Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on a return trip to England.
In 1792, George Washington cast the first presidential veto, rejecting a congressional measure for apportioning representatives among the states.
In 1887, in Tuscumbia, Ala., teacher Anne Sullivan taught her blind and deaf pupil, Helen Keller, the word "water" as spelled out in the Manual Alphabet.
In 1987, Fox Broadcasting Co. made its prime time TV debut by airing the premiere episodes of "Married ... With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show" three times each.
In 2006, Duke University's lacrosse coach resigned and the school canceled the rest of the season amid a burgeoning scandal involving allegations that three players on the highly ranked team had raped a stripper at an off-campus party. (The rape charges were later dropped, but the players still face allegations of sexual offense and kidnapping; all maintain their innocence.) Katie Couric announced she was leaving NBC's "Today" show to become anchor of "The CBS Evening News."
In the world
In 1887, British historian Lord Acton wrote, "All power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely."
In 1895, Oscar Wilde lost his criminal libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who'd accused the writer of homosexual practices.
In 1986, an American soldier and a Turkish woman were killed in the bombing of a West Berlin discotheque, an incident which prompted the U.S. air raid on Libya more than a week later.
In 2002, U.S. mediator Anthony Zinni met with Yasser Arafat at the Palestinian leader's besieged West Bank headquarters on the bloodiest day of fighting since the beginning of Israel's week-old military offensive. The coffin of The Queen Mother Elizabeth was carried through the heart of London on a gun carriage as Britain honored the woman whose life spanned a tumultuous century of upheaval and change.