This Day in History

Posted: Friday, April 07, 2006

In Alaska

• In 1911, the sailing ship Jabez Howes of Columbia River Packers was wrecked at Chignik.

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• In 1949, the National Park Service announced a proposal to spend $3.5 million to develop facilities at Bartlett Cove, at the mouth of Glacier Bay.

• In 1958, an earthquake, centered about 150 miles north of Fairbanks, measured up to 8.5 on the Richter scale. There was no reported damage.

• In 1979, the Alaska Supreme Court ruled that a homestead filed in 1929 along Gastineau Channel did not include 117 acres of new land created by isostatic rebound in the 50 years since filing.

In the nation

• In 1862, Union forces led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee.

• In 1927, an audience in New York saw an image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover in the first successful long-distance demonstration of television.

• In 1949, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "South Pacific" opened on Broadway.

• In 1969, the Supreme Court unanimously struck down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material.

• In 2001, NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft took off on a six-month, 286 million-mile journey to the Red Planet. In Cincinnati, Timothy Thomas, an unarmed black man wanted on 14 misdemeanor warrants, was fatally shot by a white police officer, sparking three days of riots.

• In 2005, the painkiller Bextra was taken off the market, and the FDA said all similar prescription drugs should strongly warn about possible risk of heart attacks and strokes.

In the world

• In 1939, Italy invaded Albania. (Less than a week later, Italy annexed Albania.)

• In 1945, during World War II, American planes intercepted a Japanese fleet that was headed for Okinawa on a suicide mission.

• In 1948, the World Health Organization was founded.

• In 1953, the U.N. General Assembly elected Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden to be secretary-general.

• In 1966, the United States recovered a hydrogen bomb it had lost off the coast of Spain.

• In 1994, civil war erupted in Rwanda, a day after a mysterious plane crash claimed the lives of the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi. In the months that followed, hundreds of thousands of minority Tutsi and Hutu intellectuals were slaughtered.

• In 1996, celebrating Easter Mass under a glorious spring sky, Pope John Paul II appealed for support for the "artisans" of peace in Bosnia, Northern Ireland and the Holy Land.

• In 2005, Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a Shiite, was named Iraq's interim prime minister; Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani was sworn in as interim president. Historic bus service began between the two parts of Kashmir, one controlled by India, the other by Pakistan.

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