In 1913, John F. A. Strong , Alaska newspaperman, was appointed the second governor of the Territory of Alaska by President Woodrow Wilson. He was also the eighth governor, as the previous seven were governors of the District of Alaska before it gained territorial status.
In 1949, the Bureau of Land Management announced temporary withdrawal from public settlement of 86,000 acres on the Chena River near Fairbanks and 17,000 acres on the Fritz Creek near Homer.
In 1957, the Chilkat, the first ferry in the Alaska Marine Highway system, was launched at Tacoma.
In the nation
In 1775, Paul Revere began his famous ride from Charlestown to Lexington, Mass., warning American colonists that the British were coming.
In 1906, a devastating earthquake struck San Francisco, followed by raging fires. About 700 people died.
In 1921, Junior Achievement, created to encourage business skills in young people, was incorporated.
In 1944, the ballet "Fancy Free," with music by Leonard Bernstein, premiered.
In 1995, President Clinton held a prime-time news conference in which he said he was satisfied that he remained relevant in a Republican-dominated capital, and challenged Congress to send him an acceptable welfare bill by July Fourth. Quarterback Joe Montana retired from professional football. The Houston Post closed after more than a century.
In 2000, Robert L. Yates Jr. was arrested in Spokane, Wash., and charged with murdering a teenage prostitute. Yates later confessed to killing 13 people, and was sentenced to 408 years in prison. In his first game back following a 12-game suspension for making disparaging remarks about minorities, gays and immigrants, Atlanta's John Rocker pitched a scoreless ninth inning in a 4-3, 12-inning victory over Philadelphia.
In the world
In 1942, an air squadron from the USS Hornet led by Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle raided Tokyo and other Japanese cities.
In 1945, famed American war correspondent Ernie Pyle, 44, was killed by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa.
In 1980, Zimbabwe Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zimbabwe.
In 1983, 62 people, including 17 Americans, were killed at the U.S. Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, by a suicide bomber.
In 1956, actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier of Monaco in a civil ceremony. A church wedding took place the next day.
In 2000, in a defeat for the United States, a United Nations commission in Geneva voted 22-18 against censuring China's human rights record.