This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, April 18, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1913, John F. A. Strong , Alaska newspaperman, was appointed governor of the territory of Alaska by President Woodrow Wilson.

• In 1949, the U.S. Bureau of Land Management announced temporary withdrawal from public settlement of 86,000 acres on the Chena River near Fairbanks and 17,000 acres on the Fritz Creek near Homer.

• In 1957, the Chilkat, the first ferry in the Alaska Marine Highway system, was launched at Tacoma.

In the nation

• In 1775, Paul Revere began his famous ride from Charlestown to Lexington, Mass., warning American colonists that the British were coming.

• In 1906, a devastating earthquake struck San Francisco, followed by raging fires. About 700 people died.

• In 1921, Junior Achievement, created to encourage business skills in young people, was incorporated.

• In 1944, the ballet "Fancy Free," with music by Leonard Bernstein, premiered.

• In 1956, actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier of Monaco in a civil ceremony. (A church wedding took place the next day.)

• In 1996, President Clinton addressed the Japanese parliament, hailing security ties between the two countries as the cornerstone of stability in Asia. Congress passed and sent to President Clinton long-awaited legislation giving federal law officers new powers to use against terrorism.

In the world

• In 1942, an air squadron from the USS Hornet led by Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle raided Tokyo and other Japanese cities.

• In 1946, the League of Nations ceased operations.

• In 1980, Zimbabwe Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zimbabwe.

• In 1983, 62 people, including 17 Americans, were killed at the U.S. Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, by a suicide bomber.

• In 1996, Israeli shells killed 91 Lebanese refugees in a U.N. camp; Israel called the attack an "unfortunate mistake." Gunmen opened fire at a hotel in Egypt, killing 18 Greek tourists.

• In 2001, U.S. and Chinese diplomats began two days of talks over the April 1 collision involving a U.S. spy plane after Beijing and Washington staked out opposing positions on who was to blame for the incident.

• In 2005, Lance Armstrong announced he was retiring after the upcoming Tour de France. Defending champion Catherine Ndereba of Kenya became the first woman to win a fourth Boston Marathon and Ethiopia's Hailu Negussie won the men's race.

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