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In 1959, Russia's Literary Gazette reported that Soviet engineers were studying the idea of building a bridge from Siberia to Alaska. The bridge could support railroad tracks and atomic pumps to divert warm ocean currents toward the Arctic Ocean to warm up the area's climate.
In 1979, the Alaska House of Representatives failed to pass a bill by Anchorage Rep. Terry Martin restricting abortions for the poor.
In the nation
In 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act, which provided for freedom of worship for all Christians, was passed by the Maryland assembly.
In 1836, an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto, assuring Texas independence.
In 1940, the quiz show that asked the "64-dollar question," "Take It or Leave It," premiered on CBS Radio.
In 1976, full-scale testing of the swine flu vaccine began in Washington, D.C.
In 1986, a vault in Chicago's Lexington Hotel that was linked to Al Capone was opened during a live TV special hosted by Geraldo Rivera; aside from a few bottles and a sign, the vault was empty.
In 2001, the Los Angeles Xtreme beat the San Francisco Demons 38-6 in the first - and last - XFL championship game.
In 2005, Army Sgt. Hasan Akbar was convicted by a military jury at Fort Bragg, N.C., of premeditated murder and attempted murder in an attack that killed two of his comrades and wounded 14 others in Kuwait.
In the world
In 1789, John Adams was sworn in as the first vice president of the United States.
In 1918, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the German ace known as the "Red Baron," was killed in action during World War I.
In 1960, Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro.
In 1972, Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon.
In 1975, South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned after 10 years in office.
In 1996, President Clinton and Boris Yeltsin traded warm compliments and played down nagging differences, insisting their election-year summit in Moscow was not being influenced by presidential politics.