In the nation
In 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act, which provided for freedom of worship for all Christians, was passed by the Maryland assembly.
In 1789, John Adams was sworn in as the first vice president of the United States.
In 1836, an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto, assuring Texas independence.
In 1910, author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, died in Redding, Conn., at age 74.
In 1972, Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon.
In 1998, astronomers announced in Washington they had discovered possible signs of a new family of planets orbiting a star 220 light-years away, the clearest evidence to date of worlds forming beyond our solar system.
In the world
In 1918, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the German ace known as the "Red Baron," was killed in action during World War I.
In 1816, Charlotte Bronte, author of "Jane Eyre," was born in Thornton, England.
In 1960, Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro.