This day in history

Posted: Friday, April 22, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1917, a major portion of the mining on Douglas Island ended with the flooding of the Treadwell, 700, and Mexican mines.

• In 1930, Deputy U.S. Marshall E. H. Sherman was shot and killed in Haines.

• In 1949, territorial engineer Frank Metcalfe, announced that installation of recording speedometers will be required on all trucks to help remedy the problem of fast and reckless driving.

• In 1959, the village of Unalakleet received its first lawn to go with the lawn mower they had previously received from the Federal Aviation Administration.

In the nation

• In 1864, Congress authorized the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins.

• In 1889, the Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims.

• In 1954, the televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.

• In 1964, President Johnson opened the New York World's Fair.

• In 1970, millions of Americans concerned about the environment observed the first "Earth Day."

• In 1993, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor the victims of Nazi extermination.

• In 2000, in a dramatic pre-dawn raid, armed immigration agents seized Elian Gonzalez from his relatives' home in Miami; Elian was reunited with his father at Andrews Air Force Base near Washington.

• In 2004, NFL player Pat Tillman, who'd traded in a multimillion-dollar contract to serve as an Army Ranger in Afghanistan, was killed by friendly fire; he was 27. Sex abuse victims were awarded nearly $70 million after suing part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.

In the world

• In 1509, Henry VIII ascended the throne of England following the death of his father, Henry VII.

• In 1930, the United States, Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding.

• In 1944, during World War II, U.S. forces began invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings near Hollandia.

• In 1983, the West German news magazine Stern announced the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purportedly written by Adolf Hitler. However, the diaries turned out to be a hoax.

• In 1995, at least 2,000 Rwandan refugees were massacred by Rwandan troops at a camp in Kibeho.

• In 2004, an explosion at a railway station in Ryongchon, North Korea, killed 161 people.

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