In 1917, a major portion of the mining on Douglas Island ended with the flooding of the Treadwell, 700, and Mexican mines.
In 1930, Deputy U.S. Marshall E. H. Sherman was shot and killed in Haines.
In 1949, territorial engineer Frank Metcalfe, announced that installation of recording speedometers will be required on all trucks to help remedy the problem of fast and reckless driving.
In 1959, the village of Unalakleet received its first lawn to go with the lawn mower they had previously received from the Federal Aviation Administration.
In the nation
In 1864, Congress authorized the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins.
In 1889, the Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims.
In 1954, the televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.
In 1964, President Johnson opened the New York World's Fair.
In 1970, millions of Americans concerned about the environment observed the first "Earth Day."
In 1993, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor the victims of Nazi extermination.
In 2000, in a dramatic pre-dawn raid, armed immigration agents seized Elian Gonzalez from his relatives' home in Miami; Elian was reunited with his father at Andrews Air Force Base near Washington.
In 2004, NFL player Pat Tillman, who'd traded in a multimillion-dollar contract to serve as an Army Ranger in Afghanistan, was killed by friendly fire; he was 27. Sex abuse victims were awarded nearly $70 million after suing part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
In the world
In 1509, Henry VIII ascended the throne of England following the death of his father, Henry VII.
In 1930, the United States, Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding.
In 1944, during World War II, U.S. forces began invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings near Hollandia.
In 1983, the West German news magazine Stern announced the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purportedly written by Adolf Hitler. However, the diaries turned out to be a hoax.
In 1995, at least 2,000 Rwandan refugees were massacred by Rwandan troops at a camp in Kibeho.
In 2004, an explosion at a railway station in Ryongchon, North Korea, killed 161 people.
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