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In 1917, a major portion of the mining on Douglas Island ended with the flooding of four mines in the Treadwell mining complex.
In 1930, Deputy U.S. Marshall E. H. Sherman was shot and killed in Haines.
In 1949, Frank Metcalfe, a territorial engineer, announced that recording speedometers would be required on all trucks to help remedy fast and reckless driving.
In 1959, the village of Unalakleet received its first lawn to go with the lawn mower it previously received from the Federal Aviation Administration.
In the nation
In 1864, Congress authorized the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins.
In 1889, the Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims.
In 1954, the televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.
In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson opened the New York World's Fair.
In 1970, millions of Americans concerned about the environment observed the first Earth Day.
In 2000, in dramatic pre-dawn raid, armed immigration agents seized Elian Gonzalez from his relatives' home in Miami; Elian was reunited with his father at Andrews Air Force Base near Washington.
In 1997, President Clinton flew over the flooded town of Grand Forks, N.D. A jury of seven men and five women was chosen in Denver to hear the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh.
In 2002, actor Robert Blake was charged with murder, solicitation of murder and conspiracy in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, outside a Los Angeles restaurant; Blake's bodyguard, Earle Caldwell, was charged with conspiracy to commit murder; both men pleaded innocent. (Both were acquitted at criminal trial; Blake was later found liable in a civil trial.)
In 2006, New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin and Louisiana Lt. Gov. Mitch Landrieu won spots in a runoff election for Nagin's job (Nagin won the runoff).
In the world
In 1509, Henry VIII became king of England following the death of his father, Henry VII.
In 1944, during World War II, U.S. forces began invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings at Hollandia and Aitape.
In 1983, the West German news magazine Stern announced the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purportedly written by Adolf Hitler. However, the diaries turned out to be a hoax.
In 1997, in Peru, government commandos stormed the Japanese ambassador's residence, ending a 126-day hostage crisis; all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels were killed, 71 hostages were rescued.
In 2006, the Iraqi parliament elected Jalal Talabani to another term as president.
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