This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, April 22, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1917, a major portion of the mining on Douglas Island ended with the flooding of four mines in the Treadwell mining complex.

• In 1930, Deputy U.S. Marshall E. H. Sherman was shot and killed in Haines.

• In 1949, Frank Metcalfe, a territorial engineer, announced that recording speedometers would be required on all trucks to help remedy fast and reckless driving.

• In 1959, the village of Unalakleet received its first lawn to go with the lawn mower it previously received from the Federal Aviation Administration.

In the nation

• In 1864, Congress authorized the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins.

• In 1889, the Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims.

• In 1954, the televised Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.

• In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson opened the New York World's Fair.

• In 1970, millions of Americans concerned about the environment observed the first Earth Day.

• In 2000, in dramatic pre-dawn raid, armed immigration agents seized Elian Gonzalez from his relatives' home in Miami; Elian was reunited with his father at Andrews Air Force Base near Washington.

• In 1997, President Clinton flew over the flooded town of Grand Forks, N.D. A jury of seven men and five women was chosen in Denver to hear the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh.

• In 2002, actor Robert Blake was charged with murder, solicitation of murder and conspiracy in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, outside a Los Angeles restaurant; Blake's bodyguard, Earle Caldwell, was charged with conspiracy to commit murder; both men pleaded innocent. (Both were acquitted at criminal trial; Blake was later found liable in a civil trial.)

• In 2006, New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin and Louisiana Lt. Gov. Mitch Landrieu won spots in a runoff election for Nagin's job (Nagin won the runoff).

In the world

• In 1509, Henry VIII became king of England following the death of his father, Henry VII.

• In 1944, during World War II, U.S. forces began invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings at Hollandia and Aitape.

• In 1983, the West German news magazine Stern announced the discovery of 60 volumes of personal diaries purportedly written by Adolf Hitler. However, the diaries turned out to be a hoax.

• In 1997, in Peru, government commandos stormed the Japanese ambassador's residence, ending a 126-day hostage crisis; all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels were killed, 71 hostages were rescued.

• In 2006, the Iraqi parliament elected Jalal Talabani to another term as president.

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